Endoscopic endonasal approaches to the cavernous sinus: surgical approaches.

@article{Alfieri2001EndoscopicEA,
  title={Endoscopic endonasal approaches to the cavernous sinus: surgical approaches.},
  author={Alessio Alfieri and H. D. Jho},
  journal={Neurosurgery},
  year={2001},
  volume={49 2},
  pages={354-60; discussion 360-2}
}
OBJECTIVE After completion of an earlier endoscopic transsphenoidal anatomic study, we studied various endoscopic transsphenoidal approaches using cadaveric specimens to develop endoscopic endonasal surgical approaches to the cavernous sinus. METHODS Ten cavernous sinuses in five artery-injected adult cadaveric heads were studied with 0-, 30-, and 70-degree angled 4-mm rod-lens endoscopes. The extent of the surgical exposure, the skewed endoscopic anatomic view, and the maneuverability of… CONTINUE READING