Endoscopic cryotherapy: experimental results and first clinical use.

@article{Pasricha1999EndoscopicCE,
  title={Endoscopic cryotherapy: experimental results and first clinical use.},
  author={Pankaj Jay Pasricha and Stella Hill and K. S. Wadwa and G. T. Gislason and Patrick I. Iii Okolo and Carolyn A. Magee and Marcia Irene Canto and W. H. Kuo and John G. Baust and Anthony N. Kalloo},
  journal={Gastrointestinal endoscopy},
  year={1999},
  volume={49 5},
  pages={
          627-31
        }
}
BACKGROUND Cryotherapy or the application of extreme cold has many potential applications in gastroenterology including tissue destruction and hemostasis but until now its development has been prevented by the lack of a delivery device suitable for use through the endoscope. We report here our experience with prototype devices using both liquid nitrogen driven by a cryosurgical system and cryogenic refrigerants (nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide) at or near ambient temperature. METHODS… CONTINUE READING

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