Endoscopic cranial base surgery: classification of operative approaches.

  title={Endoscopic cranial base surgery: classification of operative approaches.},
  author={Theodore H. Schwartz and Justin F Fraser and Seth M. Brown and Abtin Tabaee and Ashutosh Kacker and Vijay Karan Singh Anand},
  volume={62 5},
  pages={991-1002; discussion 1002-5}
OBJECTIVE Endoscopic cranial base surgery is a minimal access, maximally aggressive alternative to traditional transfacial, transcranial, or combined open cranial base approaches. Previous descriptions of endoscopic approaches have used varying terminology, which can be confusing to the new practitioner. Indications for surgery are not well defined. Our objective was to create a comprehensive classification system of the various approaches and describe their indications with case examples… CONTINUE READING
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