Endoscopic Treatment of Solitary, Bilateral, Multiple, and Recurrent Pheochromocytomas and Paragangliomas

@article{Walz2002EndoscopicTO,
  title={Endoscopic Treatment of Solitary, Bilateral, Multiple, and Recurrent Pheochromocytomas and Paragangliomas},
  author={Martin Karl Walz and Klaus Peitgen and Hartmut P. H. Neumann and Onno Eilard Janssen and Thomas Philipp and Klaus Mann},
  journal={World Journal of Surgery},
  year={2002},
  volume={26},
  pages={1005-1012}
}
Because of extensive intraoperative catecholamine release, extreme vascularization, and demanding localization, laparoscopic and retroperitoneoscopic excision of pheochromocytomas and retroperitoneal paragangliomas is challenging. In a prospective clinical study, 61 chromaffin neoplasms (52 pheochromocytomas, 9 paragangliomas) were removed endoscopically from 52 patients (30 males, 22 females; age 44.4 ± 16.3 years) at 55 operations. Six patients showed multiple (two to five) tumors. Tumor size… CONTINUE READING
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