Endoscope disinfection and its pitfalls--requirement for retrograde surveillance cultures.

  title={Endoscope disinfection and its pitfalls--requirement for retrograde surveillance cultures.},
  author={Andr{\'e} Buss and Martin Been and R P Borgers and Ietse Stokroos and Willem Jg Melchers and Frans T M Peters and Abraham J. Limburg and John E. Degener},
  volume={40 4},
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Several endoscopy-related outbreaks of infection have been reported in recent years. For early recognition of inadequate disinfection of endoscopes we designed a microbiological surveillance system to evaluate the efficacy of the cleaning and disinfection procedure, and to trace disinfection problems to individual endoscopes or washer-disinfectors. METHODS Our surveillance protocol included anterograde and retrograde sampling, a decision algorithm, genetic… CONTINUE READING

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