New chalcanonol glycoside from the seeds of saw palmetto: antiproliferative and antioxidant effects.
- Fatma M Abdel Bar
- Natural product research
Flow cytometry was used to demonstrate that cultured human melanoma BRO cells expressed membrane-bound tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and were able to release TNF-alpha upon treatment with glucosaminylmuramyl dipeptide (GMDP). The released TNF-alpha was shown to prime melanoma cells, previously unable to respond to GMDP by increasing expression of melanoma-associated antigens, making them sensitive to GMDP treatment.