Preserved arterial vasodilatation via endothelial protease-activated receptor-2 in obese type 2 diabetic mice
Myometrial strips isolated from non-pregnant pigs show spontaneous contractile activity. In the present study, the involvement of endogenous prostaglandins in regulation of uterine spontaneous contraction was investigated using mechanical, immunohistochemical and biochemical approaches. Immunohistochemical study and Western blot analysis for immunoreactive cyclooxygenase (COX) indicated that COX-1 but not COX-2 was expressed predominantly in the myometrium of non-pregnant pigs in a muscle layer-dependent manner (longitudinal muscle>circular muscle). Pretreatment of uterine strips with indomethacin and selective COX-1 inhibitors (SC-560 and FR122047) significantly reduced both the amplitude and frequency of spontaneous contraction in the longitudinal muscle, but inhibition by COX inhibitors was negligible in the circular muscle. On the other hand, CAY10404, a COX-2 inhibitor, did not change the spontaneous contraction in either of the muscle layers. Pretreatment with SC-560 reduced myometrial PGF(2alpha) and PGE(2) levels. Contractile FP and EP(3) receptors were expressed in a muscle layer-dependent manner (longitudinal muscle>circular muscle), similar to the expression pattern of COX-1. In conclusion, endogenous prostaglandins produced by COX-1 regulate spontaneous contractile activity of non-pregnant porcine uterine longitudinal muscle selectively due to the heterogeneous expression of contractile prostanoid receptors and COX-1.