Endogenous control of waking brain rhythms induces neuroplasticity in humans

  title={Endogenous control of waking brain rhythms induces neuroplasticity in humans},
  author={Tomas Ros and Moniek A. M. Munneke and Diane Ruge and John H. Gruzelier and John C. Rothwell},
  journal={European Journal of Neuroscience},
This study explores the possibility of noninvasively inducing long‐term changes in human corticomotor excitability by means of a brain–computer interface, which enables users to exert internal control over the cortical rhythms recorded from the scalp. We demonstrate that self‐regulation of electroencephalogram rhythms in quietly sitting, naive humans significantly affects the subsequent corticomotor response to transcranial magnetic stimulation, producing durable and correlated changes in… 
Self-regulation of the brain's right frontal Beta rhythm using a brain-computer interface.
Although the right frontal Beta rhythm has been repeatedly implicated as a key component of the brain's inhibitory control system, the present data suggest that its manipulation offline prior to cognitive task performance does not result in behavioral change in healthy individuals.
Voluntary control of neural oscillations in the human brain
Intacerebral macro- and micro-electrode recordings in epileptic patients undergoing long-term monitoring in the presurgical context are taken advantage of to provide a better understanding of the neurophysiological mechanisms of neural self-regulation.
Self-regulation of the brain’s Beta rhythm using a brain-computer interface improves inhibitory control
The present data support the view that the right frontal Beta rhythm is a key component of the brain’s inhibitory control system, and introduces causality to this relationship for the first time, as experimental modulation of rIFC Beta activity had a measurable impact upon behavior.
Modulation of critical brain dynamics using closed-loop neurofeedback stimulation
Neurofeedback Tunes Long-Range Temporal Correlations in Spontaneous Brain Activity
The amplitude dynamics of neuronal oscillations, namely their scale-free, long-range temporal correlations (LRTCs), are considered supporting evidence for criticality in the brain, a balanced state
Sensorimotor rhythm-based brain-computer interface training: the impact on motor cortical responsiveness.
The findings build the neurophysiological basis for the use of non-invasive BCI technology for monitoring and guidance of motor imagery-dependent brain plasticity and thus may render BCI a viable tool for post-stroke rehabilitation.
Electrostimulation contingencies and attention, electrocortical activity and neurofeedback
This thesis has supplied novel evidence for significant cognitive and electrocortical effects of neurofeedback training and transcutaneous electro-acustimulation in healthy humans.
Linking alpha oscillations, attention and inhibitory control in adult ADHD with EEG neurofeedback
Mind over chatter: plastic up-regulation of the fMRI alertness network by EEG neurofeedback
These findings demonstrate a temporally direct, plastic impact of NFB on large-scale brain functional networks, and provide promising neurobehavioral evidence supporting its use as a noninvasive tool to modulate brain function in health and disease.


Cortical Plasticity Induced by Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation during Wakefulness Affects Electroencephalogram Activity during Sleep
An LTP-like paradigm, presumably inducing increased synaptic strength, leads to changes in local sleep regulation, as indexed by EEG slow-wave activity.
New insights into rhythmic brain activity from TMS–EEG studies
Measures of Cortical Plasticity after Transcranial Paired Associative Stimulation Predict Changes in Electroencephalogram Slow-Wave Activity during Subsequent Sleep
It is suggested that changes in cortical excitability in opposite directions lead to corresponding changes in local sleep regulation, as reflected by SWA, providing evidence for a tight relationship between cortical plasticity and sleep intensity.
Neocortical Dynamics: Implications for Understanding the Role of Neurofeedback and Related Techniques for the Enhancement of Attention
  • J. Lubar
  • Psychology, Biology
    Applied psychophysiology and biofeedback
  • 1997
An introduction to understanding EEG and neocortical dynamics and how these concepts can be used to explain the results of neurofeedback training and other interventions particularly in the context of understanding attentive mechanisms and for the management of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorders.
Volitional control of neural activity: implications for brain–computer interfaces
  • E. Fetz
  • Psychology
    The Journal of physiology
  • 2007
Evidence for volitional modulation in neural activity related to behaviours, including real and imagined movements, cognitive imagery and shifts of attention, is reviewed, with particular emphasis on the activity of cortical neurons.
State of the art: Physiology of transcranial motor cortex stimulation
Cortical Modulations Increase in Early Sessions with Brain-Machine Interface
It is demonstrated that the modulations of the firing-rates of cortical neurons increased abruptly after the monkeys started operating the BMI, and regression analysis revealed that these enhanced modulations were not correlated with the kinematics of the movement.
Plasticity in the human central nervous system.
Findings demonstrating that synaptic LTP can be induced in human CNS tissue are summarized and it is suggested that rodent and human LTP probably share similar molecular mechanisms.