Endocrinological derangements in COPD.

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is no longer considered to affect only the lungs and airways but also the rest of the body. The systemic manifestations of COPD include a number of endocrine disorders, such as those involving the pituitary, the thyroid, the gonads, the adrenals and the pancreas. The mechanisms by which COPD alters endocrine… (More)
DOI: 10.1183/09031936.00103708

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