Endocrine profiles in 693 elite athletes in the postcompetition setting

  title={Endocrine profiles in 693 elite athletes in the postcompetition setting},
  author={M. Healy and James Gibney and Claire Pentecost and M J Wheeler and Peter H Sőnksen},
  journal={Clinical Endocrinology},
To measure a profile of hormones in a group of elite athletes. Increasing awareness of the widespread use of hormones as performance‐enhancing agents focusses attention on what may be considered as normal in this unusual group. 

Sex, health, and athletes

Recent policy introduced by the International Olympic Committee to regulate hyperandrogenism in female athletes could lead to unnecessary treatment and may be unethical, argue Rebecca Jordan-Young,

Medical and ethical concerns regarding women with hyperandrogenism and elite sport.

Note published in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism on 01 March 2015, freely available at: https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2014-3206.

Is testosterone responsible for athletic success in female athletes?

The data suggest that the measurement of the serum T levels significantly correlates with athletic success in sprinters but not other types of athletes and in the future may be useful in the prediction of sprinting ability.

Androgens and athletic performance of elite female athletes

  • S. Bermon
  • Biology
    Current opinion in endocrinology, diabetes, and obesity
  • 2017
Results obtained from recent neuropsychological studies indicated that testosterone, and not the sex chromosomes, is responsible for the sexual differentiation of visuospatial neural activation, which could explain how males and hyperandrogenic females benefit from androgens performance-enhancing effects in sports where visuosphere abilities are closely linked to better performance.

Female hyperandrogenism and elite sport

Emerging evidence indicates that testosterone, which can increase muscle mass and strength, stimulates erythropoiesis, promotes competitive behaviour, and enhances the physical performance of women.

Laboratory medicine: health evaluation in elite athletes

The main biochemical and haematological markers that vary significantly during and after sports training are defined to identify risk factors, at competitive and professional levels and to highlight the set up of a specific parameter’s panel for elite athletes.

Testosterone, Athletic Context, Oral Contraceptive Use, and Competitive Persistence in Women

The purpose of this study is to provide a descriptive account of salivary testosterone levels in women in relation to being an athlete, sporting level, competitive context, and oral contraceptive

Determination and regulation of body composition in elite athletes

This review covers the scientific knowledge about the development and regulation of body composition in humans but also considers the lessons learnt from evolution and breeding in animals and the key factors determining body composition are considered.

Determination and regulation of body composition in elite athletes

  • P. Sőnksen
  • Biology
    British Journal of Sports Medicine
  • 2016
This review covers the scientific knowledge about the development and regulation of body composition in humans but also considers the lessons learnt from evolution and breeding in animals and the key factors determining body composition are considered.

Why do endocrine profiles in elite athletes differ between sports?

It is unclear whether the differences in hormone profiles between sports is a reason why they become elite athletes in that sport or is a consequence of the arduous processes involved and this may well be true for endocrine profiles.



Androgen abuse in athletes: detection and consequences.

  • S. Basaria
  • Biology
    The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
  • 2010
The development of sensitive detection techniques may help discourage (at least to some extent) the abuse of these compounds and be used as an opportunity to educate both athletes and the general population regarding their adverse effects.

Running--an analogue of anorexia?

The apparent similarity between patients with anorexia nervosa and a subgroup of male athletes designated as "obligatory runners" is explored, suggesting that both phenomena could represent a partially successful--albeit dangerous--attempt to establish an identity.

Toward the development of a test for growth hormone (GH) abuse: a study of extreme physiological ranges of GH-dependent markers in 813 elite athletes in the postcompetition setting.

It is demonstrated that there are predictable age-dependent levels of GH-dependent markers in elite athletes that are consistent even at the extremes of physical exertion and that these are independent of sporting category.

Detection of growth hormone abuse in sport.

  • J. PowrieE. Bassett P. Sönksen
  • Medicine
    Growth hormone & IGF research : official journal of the Growth Hormone Research Society and the International IGF Research Society
  • 2007

Effect of altered reproductive function and lowered testosterone levels on bone density in male endurance athletes

The aim of this brief review is to present the limited literature on the relation between bone density and testosterone levels in male endurance athletes.

Out of Bounds? A Critique of the New Policies on Hyperandrogenism in Elite Female Athletes

The new policies in response to Caster Semenya's case are questioned on three grounds: the underlying scientific assumptions; the policymaking process; and the potential to achieve fairness for female athletes.

Adrenal activation and the prolactin response to exercise in eumenorrheic and amenorrheic runners.

It is concluded that control for menstrual phase in ER is important in studies of prolactin responses following exercise but not in Studies of ACTH and cortisol responses followingercise, and cortisol responding following submaximal and maximal exercise in AR are blunted at the adrenal level.

The athlete biological passport.

The Athlete Biological Passport can also serve as a platform for a Rule of Sport, with the presentation before competition of the ABP to objectively demonstrate that the athlete will participate in a healthy physiological condition that is unaltered by performance-enhancing drugs.

Hormonal changes in serum in young men during prolonged physical strain

Short periods of sleep (3–6 h) were shown to be effective in reversing the changes described in this paper, especially for growth hormone, prolactin, and testosterone.

The science and management of sex verification in sport

The present review provides the historical context to the debate, identifying the origins of gender verification as a means to deter cheating and describing how various testing methods have been attempted, including physical examinations of genitalia, molecular techniques including genetic screening, and complex multidisciplinary approaches including endocrinological, genetic and gynaecological examination.