Endocrine intervention for transsexuals

  title={Endocrine intervention for transsexuals},
  author={Andrew Levy and Anna L. Crown and Russell Reid},
  journal={Clinical Endocrinology},
Gender identity disorder, gender dysphoria, transgenderism and transsexualism are terms used to describe an individual’s wish to live and be accepted as a member of the opposite sex. The condition manifests as discomfort with one’s phenotypic sex and a wish to have treatment to make one’s body correspond to that of the preferred sex. In transsexualism, genotype and somatic differentiation do not conform to brain programming as male or female. The persistent cross-gender identification that… 

Cross-sex hormone therapy for gender dysphoria

Education and culturally sensitive training must be supplied to healthcare professionals to overcome the existing issues on GD management and change the perspectives of transsexual people.

The Demographics of the Transgender Population

We want to stress at the outset of this chapter that the task of representing the transsexual and transgender population is nothing if not daunting. The difficulties, as we see them, stem from two

Being Transgender: Effects on sex atypicality and well-being

The present research is split into two studies. Study 1 investigated the effect of sexual orientation and being transgender or cisgender on sex atypicality. Sex atypicality refers to behaving in a

Gender Dysphoria

  • Alley Stoughton
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The SAGE Encyclopedia of Trans Studies
  • 2021
The role of the psychiatrist in supporting the patient with gender dysphoria is considered alongside more specific interventions such as psychotherapy and assessment for progression to hormone therapy and gender confirmation surgery.

Hormonal Treatment of Male to Female Transgender

The Effects of Hormonal Gender Affirmation Treatment on Mental Health in Female-to-Male Transsexuals

Results of the study indicate that female-to-male transsexuals who receive testosterone have lower levels of depression, anxiety, and stress, and higher levels of social support and health related quality of life.

Treatment of Gender Dysphoria

Hormonal sex reassignment of transsexuals aims to reduce the hormonally induced secondary sex characteristics of the original sex and to induce the secondary sex characteristics of the new sex.

Gender-affirming hormones and surgery in transgender children and adolescents.

Standards of Care for the Health of Transsexual, Transgender, and Gender-Nonconforming People, Version 7

This version of the SOC recognizes that treatment for gender dysphoria has become more individualized, and can be used to help patients consider the full range of health services open to them, in accordance with their clinical needs and goals for gender expression.



Male-to-female transsexuals have female neuron numbers in a limbic nucleus.

The present findings of somatostatin neuronal sex differences in the BSTc and its sex reversal in the transsexual brain clearly support the paradigm that in transsexuals sexual differentiation of the brain and genitals may go into opposite directions and point to a neurobiological basis of gender identity disorder.

Attitudes Toward Transsexualism in a Swedish National Survey

A majority supports the possibility for transsexuals to undergo sex reassignment; however, 63% thought that the individual should bear the expenses for it, and men and the older age group were found to hold a more restrictive view on these issues than women and the younger age group.

Surgical Therapy in Transsexual Patients: a Multi-Disciplinary Approach

The results in this series of patients clearly demonstrate that a close cooperation of the different surgical specialties, within the authors' multidisciplinary gender team, is the key to success in treating transsexual patients.

Gender reassignment and assisted reproduction: present and future reproductive options for transsexual people.

This paper argues that transsexual people should be offered the same options as any person that risks losing their germ cells because of treatment for a malignant disease and the option of gamete banking should be discussed before starting hormonal and surgical reassignment treatment.

Gender reassignment and assisted reproduction Present and future reproductive options for transsexual people

It is argued that transsexual people should be offered the same options as any person that risks losing their germ cells because of treatment for a malignant disease and the option of gamete banking should be discussed before starting hormonal and surgical reassignment treatment.

Gender identity/role differentiation in adolescents affected by syndromes of abnormal sex differentiation.

It is hoped that adolescents with intersex conditions will have the support and information necessary to allow them to live as normal a life as possible.


  • I. Stevenson
  • Sociology
    The Journal of nervous and mental disease
  • 1977
In the West gender dysphoria is commonly attributed to a biological abnormality, parental influences favoring assumption of a gender opposite to the subject's anatomical sex, or a combination of

Health care problems of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender patients.

  • R. Lee
  • Medicine, Political Science
    The Western journal of medicine
  • 2000
The goals of this article are to educate health care professionals on specific health care issues faced by the lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender community.

An epidemiological and demographic study of transsexuals in the Netherlands

The calculated prevalence of transsexualism in The Netherlands is 1:11,900 males and 1:30,400 females, and Transsexuals live predominantly in urbanized areas, but those living in nonurbanized areas show an even distribution over the country.

Transsexualism or the gender dysphoria syndromes.

Mental health professionals need to competently perform differential diagnoses of both the gender disorder and the associated psychopathologies, which frequently involves distinctions between subtle forms of psychosis, character pathologies of varying severity, and major developmental problems.