Endocrine care of transpeople part II. A review of cross‐sex hormonal treatments, outcomes and adverse effects in transwomen

  title={Endocrine care of transpeople part II. A review of cross‐sex hormonal treatments, outcomes and adverse effects in transwomen},
  author={Maria Cristina Meriggiola and Giulia Gava},
  journal={Clinical Endocrinology},
The treatment of transwomen relies on the combined administration of anti‐androgens or GnRH analogues to suppress androgen production and thereby reduce male phenotypic characteristics together with oestrogens to develop female characteristics. In transwomen, synthetic oestrogens such as ethinyl oestradiol, as well as conjugated equine oestrogens (CEE), should be avoided to minimize thromboembolic risks especially in older transwomen and in those with risk factors. Currently, available short… 

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It is suggested that mortality is increased among transsexuals although due to causes unrelated to cross sex replacement therapy, which will benefit the care and treatment of these subjects.

Endocrine treatment of transsexual people: a review of treatment regimens, outcomes, and adverse effects.

The range of treatment used by transsexual people, the rationale behind these, and the expectation from such treatment are discussed, as well as the potential adverse effects of cross-sex hormone treatment of transsexual people.

Venous thrombo‐embolism as a complication of cross‐sex hormone treatment of male‐to‐female transsexual subjects: a review

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