Endocasts: Possibilities and Limitations for the Interpretation of Human Brain Evolution

@article{Neubauer2014EndocastsPA,
  title={Endocasts: Possibilities and Limitations for the Interpretation of Human Brain Evolution},
  author={Simon Neubauer},
  journal={Brain, Behavior and Evolution},
  year={2014},
  volume={84},
  pages={117 - 134}
}
  • S. Neubauer
  • Published 1 September 2014
  • Biology
  • Brain, Behavior and Evolution
Brains are not preserved in the fossil record but endocranial casts are. These are casts of the internal bony braincase, revealing approximate brain size and shape, and they are also informative about brain surface morphology. Endocasts are the only direct evidence of human brain evolution, but they provide only limited data (‘paleoneurology'). This review discusses some new fossil endocasts and recent methodological advances that have allowed novel analyses of old endocasts, leading to… 

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