Endobronchial Valve Used as Salvage Therapy in a Mechanically Ventilated Patient with Intractable Life-Threatening Haemoptysis.

Abstract

Treatment options for intractable life-threatening haemoptysis in mechanically ventilated patients with structural lung disease who do not respond to bronchial artery embolisation (BAE) and who are deemed unfit for surgery are limited. A 26-year-old HIV-positive male with a poorly preserved CD4 count and active pulmonary tuberculosis was intubated and mechanically ventilated for persistent life-threatening haemoptysis. Two attempts at BAE failed, and life-threatening haemoptysis recurred daily for 14 days despite antituberculous therapy. He was deemed unfit for surgery during that period. We proceeded to identify the source of bleeding endoscopically and implanted an endobronchial valve in the left upper lobe bronchus. Following the collapse of the affected lobe, haemoptysis ceased and the patient was promptly liberated from mechanical ventilation. He remained haemoptysis free for the duration of his hospitalisation. Endobronchial valves, therefore, may be a viable option in patients mechanically ventilated with persistent life-threatening haemoptysis in whom all other conventional measures fail and who are considered unfit for surgery.

DOI: 10.1159/000465526

Cite this paper

@article{Lalla2017EndobronchialVU, title={Endobronchial Valve Used as Salvage Therapy in a Mechanically Ventilated Patient with Intractable Life-Threatening Haemoptysis.}, author={Usha Lalla and Brian William Allwood and Soumitra Sinha Roy and Elvis Malcom Irusen and Coenraad Frederik Nicolaas Koegelenberg}, journal={Respiration; international review of thoracic diseases}, year={2017}, volume={93 6}, pages={436-440} }