End-tidal carbon dioxide is better than arterial pressure for predicting volume responsiveness by the passive leg raising test

@article{Monnet2012EndtidalCD,
  title={End-tidal carbon dioxide is better than arterial pressure for predicting volume responsiveness by the passive leg raising test},
  author={Xavier Monnet and Aur{\'e}lien Bataille and Eric Magalhaes and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Barrois and Marine Le Corre and Cl{\'e}ment Gosset and Laurent Gu{\'e}rin and Christian Richard and J. -L. Teboul},
  journal={Intensive Care Medicine},
  year={2012},
  volume={39},
  pages={93-100}
}
In stable ventilatory and metabolic conditions, changes in end-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2) might reflect changes in cardiac index (CI). We tested whether EtCO2 detects changes in CI induced by volume expansion and whether changes in EtCO2 during passive leg raising (PLR) predict fluid responsiveness. We compared EtCO2 and arterial pulse pressure for this purpose. We included 65 patients [Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS) II = 57 ± 19, 37 males, under mechanical ventilation without… CONTINUE READING
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