End Scraper Reduction and Hunter-Gatherer Mobility

  title={End Scraper Reduction and Hunter-Gatherer Mobility},
  author={Brooke S. Blades},
  journal={American Antiquity},
  pages={141 - 156}
  • B. Blades
  • Published 1 January 2003
  • Environmental Science
  • American Antiquity
Various lithic measures have been invoked to argue that human foragers moved over greater or lesser distances, or moved with greater or lesser frequency when compared with other foraging groups. This paper examines one of those measures—the reduction of blade end scrapers from early Upper Paleolithic Aurignacian and Perigordian occupations in southwestern France. Evidence of end scraper reduction is compared with faunal diversity and lithic material provenience, the former a potential catalyst… 
Scraper reduction and "imposed form" at the Lower Palaeolithic site of High Lodge, England.
Abstract Mobile strategies are foundational components of nomadic pastoralist socio-economic organization in East Africa. Beginning around 3,000 BP, nomadic herders in southwestern Kenya had
Patterns of End Scraper Reduction and Discard: A Case Study from the Paleoindian Record of Eastern North America
ABSTRACT Many researchers studying the technological organization of mobile hunter-gatherers have provided expectations for the design and appearance of tool-kits based on environment. This paper
An ethnographic experiment of endscraper curation rate among hadiya hideworkers, ethiopia
The extent of reduction in retouched stones serves as a proxy for curation. In the archaeological record, reduction intensity must be inferred from discarded remnants of tools. The contemporary use
Transitions in Palaeoecology and Technology: Hunter-Gatherers and Early Herders in the Gobi Desert
The desert and arid steppes of Mongolia and northern China were geographically central to the spread of pastoralism and the rise of pastoralist states, but research on the organizational strategies


Hunting in the Gravettian: An Examination of Evidence from Southwestern France
Five southwest French sites containing Gravettian occupations provide zooarchaeological, artifactual, and paleoenvironmental data for an integrated examination of hunting strategies in the region
Economizing Behavior and the Concept of “Curation”
Stone tool curation is a concept employed to explain certain aspects of prehistoric hunter-gatherer behavior, and its effect on lithic assemblages can be similar to that of responses to lithic raw
Willow Smoke and Dogs’ Tails: Hunter-Gatherer Settlement Systems and Archaeological Site Formation
Hunter-gatherer subsistence-settlement strategies are discussed in terms of differing organizational components, "mapping-on" and "logistics," and the consequences of each for archaeological
On Stone Procurement and Settlement Mobility in Eastern Fluted Point Groups
The presence of “exotic” lithic material in an assemblage serves as a measure of the mobility of a settlement system. Its validity depends on the accurate identification of stone types and their
Mobility/Sedentism: Concepts, Archaeological Measures, and Effects
There is hardly a more romantic image in anthropology than that of a small band of hunter-gatherers setting off into the bush, their few belongings on their backs. Mobility, in fact, has long been
Middle paleolithic scraper reduction: Background, clarification, and review of the evidence to date
The hypothesis that the principal varieties of Middle Paleolithic scrapers reflect varying degrees of resharpening and rejuvenation, rather than discrete emic types, has generated considerably
Subsistence, Technology, and Adaptive Variation in Middle Paleolithic Italy
This collaborative study addresses questions about variation in behavior within the Middle Paleolithic period of west-central Italy. The findings are directly relevant to the evolutionary “fate” of
Red deer hunting in the Upper Paleolithic of south-west France : a study in seasonality
Israel, and France. The next three include an Acheulian site in the Golan Heights, a Neolithic site in the lower Jordan Valley, and a Bronze Age/Neolithic site in the Paris Basin. The last four cases
Reduction Sequences in the Manufacture of Mousterian Implements of France
The Mousterian of France, which represents the Middle Paleolithic in that region, has had a long history of research. Nonetheless, it is clear that many fundamental issues relating to our
The Analysis of Certain Major Classes of Upper Palaeolithic Tools: Aurignacian Scrapers
The attributes to be defined in this paper have been designed to characterize the main areas of variation of those scrapers which have been termed ‘Aurignacian’ (de Sonneville-Bordes, 1960, 29),