End-Permian Mass Extinction in the Oceans: An Ancient Analog for the Twenty-First Century?

@article{Payne2012EndPermianME,
  title={End-Permian Mass Extinction in the Oceans: An Ancient Analog for the Twenty-First Century?},
  author={J. Payne and M. Clapham},
  journal={Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences},
  year={2012},
  volume={40},
  pages={89-111}
}
The greatest loss of biodiversity in the history of animal life occurred at the end of the Permian Period (∼252 million years ago). This biotic catastrophe coincided with an interval of widespread ocean anoxia and the eruption of one of Earth’s largest continental flood basalt provinces, the Siberian Traps. Volatile release from basaltic magma and sedimentary strata during emplacement of the Siberian Traps can account for most end-Permian paleontological and geochemical observations. Climate… Expand
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