Encyclopedia of Dietary Supplements

  title={Encyclopedia of Dietary Supplements},
  author={Paul M. Coates and Marc R. Blackman and Joseph M Betz and Gordon M Cragg and Mark A Levine and Joel Moss and Jeffrey D. White},
S-Adenosylmethionine Jose M. Mato and Shelly C. Lu Aloe Vera Santiago Rodriguez, Steven Dentali, and Devon Powell Androstenedione Benjamin Z. Leder L-Arginine Mauro Maccario, Guglielmo Beccuti, Valentina Gasco, Mariangela Seardo, Gianluca Aimaretti, Emanuela Arvat, Fabio Lanfranco, and Ezio Ghigo Astragalus Roy Upton Bilberry Marilyn Barrett Biotin Donald M. Mock Bitter Orange Steffany Haaz, K. Y. Williams, Kevin R. Fontaine, and David B. Allison Black Cohosh Daniel S. Fabricant, Elizabeth C… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Medical Geology and Discovery of Taranjebin Manna as a Hyper Selenium Accumulator: Biomedical and Ethno-Medical Efficacy Links to Calc-alkaline and Alkalic Tethyan Magmatic Arcs

The present study supports this contention and explains Taranjebin Manna's very high ethno-medical demand in Iran, and for its export, and several proposed biochemical hypotheses introduced here supportselenium as the active constituent in context of Manna’s glycoprotein content.

A Comparative Study on Chemical Composition and Pharmacological Effects of Paecilomyces hepiali and Wild Ophiocordyceps sinensis

Anti-platelet aggregation effects on human platelet, inhibition of IL-8 gene expression, anti-mutagenic activity and improvement on human skin texture were greater in P. hepiali treatments than that in wild O. sinensis.

Angelica sinensis and its alkylphthalides induce the detoxification enzyme NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 by alkylating Keap1.

Observations suggest that A. sinensis dietary supplements standardized to ligustilide have potential as chemopreventive agents through induction of detoxification enzymes.

Guanidine alkaloids and Pictet-Spengler adducts from black cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa).

Three new guanidine alkaloids have been isolated and characterized from C. racemosa roots and it is suggested that these strongly basic and frequently zwitterionic nitrogenous metabolites contribute considerable chemical diversity to the polar serotonergic fraction of black cohosh.

Hypoferremia, obesity, acute-phase response, and the assessment of nutriture.

  • L. Klevay
  • Medicine
    Journal of the American Dietetic Association
  • 2009

Pharmacognosy of black cohosh: the phytochemical and biological profile of a major botanical dietary supplement.

This chapter discusses the chemistry of the A. racemosa secondary metabolome in detail, a prodigious “factory” of complex secondary metabolites, with almost 50 cycloartane triterpenes, over 70 alkaloids, and 11 phenolic acids characterized so far.

A review of Chinese Cordyceps with special reference to Nepal, focusing on conservation

Molecular analyses and the development of microsatellite markers would allow for the authentication of this medicinal fungus, differentiating it from several closely related Cordyceps species, thus preventing falsification and discouraging illicit trade and the marketing of available counterfeits.

Oxygenated lanostane-type triterpenes profiling in laccate Ganoderma chemotaxonomy

Results confirm OLTT as a suitable taxonomic marker in a lineage of pharmacologically and economically valuable species and suggest a high specificity in OLTT composition in one of the phylogenetic lineages of Ganoderma that encompasses tropical species.

Nitrogen-Containing Constituents of Black Cohosh: Chemistry, Structure Elucidation, and Biological Activities.

This chapter summarizes the current state of knowledge of the chemistry and biological activities associated with this group of constituents and provides some perspective on their significance for future research on this interesting plant.

Chemical Constituent, Inorganic Elements and Properties of Cordyceps sinensis - a Review (Cordyceps sinensis - a Review)

This review looks in depth at the history and medicinal value of the Cordyceps species, especially C. sinensis, known as caterpillar fungus in English commonly and considered as medicinal mushroom in oriental medicine such as Traditional Chinese Medicines and Traditional Tibetan medicine.



Leishmania donovani: amastigote inhibition and mode of action of berberine.

Displacement of bilirubin from albumin by berberine.

  • E. Chan
  • Medicine, Biology
    Biology of the neonate
  • 1993
Berberine was found in vitro, as to its displacing effect on a molar basis, to be about tenfold superior to phenylbutazone, a known potent displacer of bilirubin, and about hundredfold to papaverine, a berberine-type alkaloid.

Cimicifugae rhizoma: from origins, bioactive constituents to clinical outcomes.

The pharmacological characterizations, especially, as a clinically effective phytomedicine, the effects of the rhizoma on menopause symptoms and the clinical applications including possible mechanism have been reviewed in detail to explore the therapeutic potential on osteoporosis, a major public health threat for postmenopausal women.

Polyphenolic constituents of Actaea racemosa.

A new lignan, actaealactone, and a new phenylpropanoid ester derivative, cimicifugic acid G (2), together with 15 known polyphenols, together with 10 new compounds isolated from an extract of the rhizomes and roots of black cohosh (Actaea racemosa), are determined on the basis of NMR spectroscopic analysis.

The Role of Carnitine in the Male Reproductive System

Research to uncover the many characteristics and mechanisms of action of carnitine in somatic and germ cells may provide insights into the pathophysiology of germ cell apoptosis, the prevention of germcell death, and possibly specific therapy of some forms of infertility.

Carnitine and hemodialysis.

Regular carnitine supplementation in hemodialysis patients can improve their lipid metabolism, protein nutrition, antioxidant status, and anemia requiring large doses of erythropoietin, and it also may reduce the incidence of intradialytic muscle cramps, hypotension, asthenia, muscle weakness, and cardiomyopathy.

Dopaminergic Compounds in Vitex Agnus Castus

Ethanolic extracts of the fruits of Vitex agnus castus (AC) are widely used to effectively treat premenstrual symptoms and prolactin episodes are higher in amplitude and longer in time in latent hyperprolactinemic women in comparison to normal controls.

Safety evaluation of proanthocyanidin-rich extract from grape seeds.

Harvest of Arthrospira platensis from Lake Kossorom (Chad) and its household usage among the Kanembu

In 1997 a survey was conducted among the Kanembu whoharvest Arthrospira (Spirulina) from LakeKossorom in the Prefecture of Lac (Chad). Informationon the amount of Arthrospira harvested and