Encounters with archaic hominins

  title={Encounters with archaic hominins},
  author={Fabrizio Mafessoni},
  journal={Nature Ecology \& Evolution},
  • F. Mafessoni
  • Published 24 October 2018
  • Biology
  • Nature Ecology & Evolution
The presence of Neanderthal DNA fragments in the genomes of modern humans from Europe and East Asia indicates multiple episodes of interbreeding between Neanderthals and the ancestors of both populations. 

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An early modern human from Romania with a recent Neanderthal ancestor

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Multiple episodes of interbreeding between Neanderthals and modern humans

A simple model of a single admixture did not fit the empirical data, and instead favour a model of multiple episodes of gene flow into both European and East Asian populations, indicating a longer-term, more complex interaction between humans and Neanderthals than was previously appreciated.

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