Encapsulation of ionic liquids within polymer shells via vapor phase deposition.

Abstract

We demonstrate the use of vapor phase deposition to completely encapsulate ionic liquid (IL) droplets within robust polymer shells. The IL droplets were first rolled into liquid marbles using poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE) particles because the marble structure facilitates polymerization onto the entire surface area of the IL. Polymer shells composed of 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorodecyl acrylate cross-linked with ethylene glycol diacrylate (P(PFDA-co-EGDA)) were found to be stronger than the respective homopolymers. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy showed that the PTFE particles become incorporated into the polymer shells. The integration of the particles increased the rigidity of the polymer shells and enabled the pure IL to be recovered or replaced with other fluids. Our encapsulation technique can be used to form polymer shells onto dozens of droplets at once and can be extended to encapsulate any low vapor pressure liquid that is stable under vacuum conditions.

DOI: 10.1021/la301170a

Cite this paper

@article{Bradley2012EncapsulationOI, title={Encapsulation of ionic liquids within polymer shells via vapor phase deposition.}, author={Laura C. Bradley and Malancha Gupta}, journal={Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids}, year={2012}, volume={28 27}, pages={10276-80} }