Emulation, imitation, over-imitation and the scope of culture for child and chimpanzee.

@article{Whiten2009EmulationIO,
  title={Emulation, imitation, over-imitation and the scope of culture for child and chimpanzee.},
  author={Andrew Whiten and Nicola McGuigan and Sarah Marshall-Pescini and Lydia M Hopper},
  journal={Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences},
  year={2009},
  volume={364 1528},
  pages={
          2417-28
        }
}
We describe our recent studies of imitation and cultural transmission in chimpanzees and children, which question late twentieth-century characterizations of children as imitators, but chimpanzees as emulators. As emulation entails learning only about the results of others' actions, it has been thought to curtail any capacity to sustain cultures. Recent chimpanzee diffusion experiments have by contrast documented a significant capacity for copying local behavioural traditions. Additionally, in… CONTINUE READING

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