Empty institutions, non-credibility and pastoralism: China’s grazing ban, mining and ethnicity

  title={Empty institutions, non-credibility and pastoralism: China’s grazing ban, mining and ethnicity},
  author={Peter Ho},
  journal={The Journal of Peasant Studies},
  pages={1145 - 1176}
  • P. Ho
  • Published 1 November 2016
  • Economics
  • The Journal of Peasant Studies
When institutional function is disregarded in property rights reforms, there may be two outcomes. One, the new institution grows detached from actors’ praxis and evolves into an ‘empty institution’, allowing those governing to enforce without enforcing, while those governed can continue what they did. Two, the institution evolves into a ‘non-credible’ institution, which may collapse or change due to rising conflict. The concepts are applied to China’s Grazing Ban, a profound measure to regulate… 
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