Empowerment as a multi-level construct: perceived control at the individual, organizational and community levels

@article{Schulz1995EmpowermentAA,
  title={Empowerment as a multi-level construct: perceived control at the individual, organizational and community levels},
  author={A. Schulz and B. Israel and M. Zimmerman and B. Checkoway},
  journal={Health Education Research},
  year={1995},
  volume={10},
  pages={309-327}
}
There has been increasing interest in the development of a conceptual framework and operationalization of empowerment that explores the relationships among different levels of analysis: individual, organizational and community. In this article we discuss a multi-level conceptualization of empowerment, examine empirical suppcjrt for linking the different levels of analysis, and describe a measurement instrument developed to assess perceived control at the individual, organizational and community… Expand

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