Employment Status and Income Generation Among Homeless Young Adults

@article{Ferguson2012EmploymentSA,
  title={Employment Status and Income Generation Among Homeless Young Adults},
  author={Kristin Ferguson and Kimberly A. Bender and Sanna J. Thompson and Elaine M. Maccio and David E. Pollio},
  journal={Youth \& Society},
  year={2012},
  volume={44},
  pages={385 - 407}
}
This mixed-methods study identified correlates of unemployment among homeless young adults in five cities. Two hundred thirty-eight homeless young people from Los Angeles (n = 50), Austin (n = 50), Denver (n = 50), New Orleans (n = 50), and St. Louis (n = 38) were recruited using comparable sampling strategies. Multivariate logistic regression results indicate that homeless young adults were more likely to be unemployed if they had been on the streets longer, currently lived on the streets… 

Tables from this paper

Employment and Other Income Sources Among Homeless Youth
TLDR
Examination of income sources and change in income among service disconnected youth, all of whom received Strengths-Based Outreach and Advocacy, suggests that mental health, housing, and substance use treatment services are important components in income stabilization for homeless youth.
Access to employment and the labor market among women living homeless in Madrid, Spain.
BACKGROUND People living homeless represent one of the most extreme embodiments of the phenomena of poverty and social exclusion, and women are a particularly vulnerable group among people living
Entering Prostitution in Adolescence: History of Youth Homelessness Predicts Earlier Entry
ABSTRACT The effect of youth homelessness on age of entry into prostitution was tested, controlling for other known covariates using a multivariate model. Women (N = 96) who self-identified as having
High prevalence of risky income generation among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting.
The Effect of Homelessness on Employment Entry and Exits: Evidence from the Journeys Home Survey
This paper provides new insights into the association between homelessness and poor employment outcomes by examining how homelessness affects employment transitions. The study uses longitudinal data
Navigating Housing Instability and Substance Use: Hidden Tensions Facing Youth in Small Town America
Abstract Recent scholarship indicates that youth homelessness is a significant problem outside urban areas. However, previous studies have not examined how local contexts shape the experiences of
Substance Use and Social Stability of Homeless Youth: A Comparison of Three Interventions
  • Jing Zhang, N. Slesnick
  • Psychology
    Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
  • 2018
TLDR
Subgroups of homeless youth and young adults that exhibited distinct co-occurring patterns of substance use and social stability were identified and the relative effectiveness of the Community Reinforcement Approach (CRA), Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET), and case management (CM) in interrupting substances use and improving social stability was evaluated.
Homeless Young People’s Experiences of Caregiver Rejection
This paper explores the dynamics of caregiver rejection experienced by 40 homeless young adults 19–21 years of age. Using qualitative interviews, our findings reveal that nearly all of the youth
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 47 REFERENCES
Correlates of street-survival behaviors in homeless young adults in four U.S. cities.
TLDR
Identification of the environmental and demographic factors associated with survival behaviors suggests that there may be value in combining harm-reduction strategies with efforts to reduce the transience of homeless young adults.
Social Estrangement: Factors Associated with Alcohol or Drug Dependency among Homeless, Street-Involved Young Adults
TLDR
Findings indicate that identification with homeless culture was the most highly predictive domain of social estrangement for both alcohol and drug dependency.
Pathways In and Out of Substance Use Among Homeless-Emerging Adults
Although high rates of alcohol and drug use have been found among homeless young people, less is known about who is responsible for their initiation, the reasons for their continued use, and why some
Familial and "on-the-street" risk factors associated with alcohol use among homeless and runaway adolescents.
TLDR
Family background and "on-the-street" (time on own) factors must be taken into consideration when treating alcohol misuse in street youth, because the alternative is a vicious cycle whereby homeless youth may become homeless adults.
Substance Abuse Disorders among Homeless and Runaway Adolescents
TLDR
Those factors most predictive of meeting lifetime criteria include parenting practices, experience of abuse, and association with deviant peers.
Street youth, their peer group affiliation and differences according to residential status, subsistence patterns, and use of services.
TLDR
The results demonstrated unique patterns with respect to places stayed/slept, means of financial support and economic subsistence, and use of available services according to peer group affiliation.
Prevalence and correlates of survival sex among runaway and homeless youth.
TLDR
Intensive and ongoing services are needed to provide resources and residential assistance to enable runaway and homeless youths to avoid survival sex, which is associated with many problem behaviors.
Homelessness, Gender and Subsistence: The Case of Toronto Street Youth
Research on employment segregation and women's lower earnings has predominantly focused on labour‐market participants. Marginal groups such as the homeless have therefore been excluded from theory
Mental Health and Emerging Adulthood among Homeless Young People
Part 1. Emerging Adulthood among Runaway and Homeless Youth. 1. "No One Knows What Happens to These Kids": Interrupted Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood. 2. The Midwest Longitudinal Study of
Exits from and Returns to Homelessness
This study explores transitions between homeless and domiciled states. It describes the timing of departures from and returns to homelessness, and it tests theoretical propositions linking individual
...
...