Empirical Spirits: Islam, Spiritism, and the Virtues of Science in Iran

@article{Doostdar2016EmpiricalSI,
  title={Empirical Spirits: Islam, Spiritism, and the Virtues of Science in Iran},
  author={Alireza Doostdar},
  journal={Comparative Studies in Society and History},
  year={2016},
  volume={58},
  pages={322 - 349}
}
  • Alireza Doostdar
  • Published 2016
  • Sociology
  • Comparative Studies in Society and History
Abstract This article examines some aspects of the reception of French Spiritism and psychical research in twentieth century Iran: its promotion by Iranian modernist intellectuals before the Second World War, and its appropriation by Shi‘i Muslim ‘ulama in the 1940s and 1960s. Spiritism appealed to those intellectuals and scholars who sought to reconcile their commitments to science with their religious longings and dedication to moral reform. In comparing these encounters with spirit… Expand

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