Empirical Features of Congested Traffic States and Their Implications for Traffic Modeling

@article{Schnhof2007EmpiricalFO,
  title={Empirical Features of Congested Traffic States and Their Implications for Traffic Modeling},
  author={Martin Sch{\"o}nhof and Dirk Helbing},
  journal={Transportation Science},
  year={2007},
  volume={41},
  pages={135-166}
}
We investigate characteristic properties of the congested traffic states on a 30 km long stretch of the German freeway A5 north of Frankfurt/Main. Among the approximately 245 breakdowns of traffic flow in 165 days, we have identified five different kinds of spatio-temporal congestion patterns and their combinations. Based on an “adaptive smoothing method” for the visualization of detector data, we also discuss particular features of breakdowns such as the “boomerang effect” which is a sign of… CONTINUE READING
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