Empirical Failures of the Claim That Autistic People Lack a Theory of Mind

@article{Gernsbacher2019EmpiricalFO,
  title={Empirical Failures of the Claim That Autistic People Lack a Theory of Mind},
  author={Morton Ann Gernsbacher and Melanie Yergeau},
  journal={Archives of scientific psychology},
  year={2019},
  volume={7},
  pages={102 - 118}
}
The claim that autistic people lack a theory of mind—that they fail to understand that other people have a mind or that they themselves have a mind—pervades psychology. This article (a) reviews empirical evidence that fails to support the claim that autistic people are uniquely impaired, much less that all autistic people are universally impaired, on theory-of-mind tasks; (b) highlights original findings that have failed to replicate; (c) documents multiple instances in which the various theory… 
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Accounting for the preference for literal meanings in ASC
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  • 2021
Impairments in pragmatic abilities, that is, difficulties with appropriate use and interpretation of language – in particular, non-literal uses of language – are considered a hallmark of Autism
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