Empire forestry and the origins of environmentalism

  title={Empire forestry and the origins of environmentalism},
  author={Gregory Allen Barton},
Abstract When and where did the environmental movement begin? To understand how a public endued with the principles of laissez-faire reversed in such short order a century-old policy of government land disposal, this paper examines how public ownership of land came to be celebrated, with a newly defined professional corps of government foresters such as Dietrich Brandis and Gifford Pinchot feted as popular heroes. Hard-headed environmentalists and legislators found in empire forestry a ready… 

Environmental Conservation and Deforestation in British India 1855–1947: A Reinterpretation

The history of forestry in British India has evoked a wide range of responses from environmental historians. Debates often centre in particular on the ethic of the bureaucratic organisation

U.S. Forestry in the Philippines: Environment, Nationhood, and Empire, 1900-1937

U.S. Forestry in the Philippines: Environment, Nationhood, and Empire, 1900-1937 Nathan E Roberts Chair of the Supervisory Committee: Professor Linda Nash Department of History During the early

Historicizing Sustainability: German Scientific Forestry in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

German scientific forestry is generally referred to as a starting point for the concept of sustainability and the variety of interpretations it has found in recent public and scientific discourses.

Colonial Environmentalism and Shifting Cultivation in Korea

Japanese colonial environmentalism in early twentieth-century Korea is examined with special reference to academic representations of hwajeon or shifting cultivation. Tracing the progress of the

Colonial Environmentalism and Shifting Cultivation in Korea:Japanese Mapping, Research, and Representation

Japanese colonial environmentalism in early twentieth-century Korea is examined with special reference to academic representations of hwajeon or shifting cultivation. Tracing the progress of the

Post-colonial nature conservation in Southern Africa: same emperors, new clothes?

AbstractThis paper analyses and evaluates the bordering and othering impacts of environmental geopolitical discourse on land conservation in Southern Africa. Through a theoretical in-depth analysis

Contested Commons: History of Colonial Grazing Policy in South India (Andhra), 1890–1930

Historical dimension of common property resource management systems acquired prominence with emergence of environmental history in India. This paper examines the policy and practice of colonial

The Limits and Failures of Existing Forest Governance Standards in Semi—Arid Contexts

SUMMARY Dry forests today are managed following the standards of scientific forestry imported in the tropics in the XIXth century by the colonial empires. The model proved efficient to control


Abstract This article throws light on how the issue of conservation stood in tension with imperial hunting and exploitation in colonial India. The indiscriminate slaughter of wildlife and the



The Wild Indian's Venison: Locke's Theory of Property and English Colonialism in America

Locke's theory of property in the Two Treatises of Government is shaped by his deep involvement in the development of colonial policy, as secretary to both the Lord Proprietors of Carolina and the


Since the Age of Enlightenment, modernization has taken the form of a parallel growth of the significance of both the state and the individual, at the expense of the intermediary or secondary groups

This Fissured Land: An Ecological History of India.

In the first part of the book, the authors present a general theory of ecological history which attempts a paradigm shift from Weberian and Marxian theories of human society. Here they ask under what

A First in the Field of Forest Policy Studies@@@1988 Public Policies and the Misuse of Forest Resources.

Six contributors explore the role of governments in accelerating the rate of forest destruction by providing direct and indirect subsidies to support what would otherwise be non-commercial logging

A History of English Forestry

An account of the woodlands and forests of England from the Norman Conquest (1066) to the present. It describes their many periods of expansion and contraction, the people who lived, worked, and

Forests and Sea Power: the Timber Problem of the Royal Navy, 1652–1862

FROM comparatively early times the woods of England received attention from the Governments of the day. At first the statutes enacted were directed primarily to stem the wasteful destruction of

The Crédit Mobilier and the Economic Development of Europe

  • R. Cameron
  • Economics, History
    Journal of Political Economy
  • 1953
C ONTINENTAL Europe in the midnineteenth century was as much an underdeveloped area as India, South Africa, or any of the leading LatinAmerican countries today. The uneven success of techniques and

Forcing the Spring: The Transformation of the American Environmental Movement

"Forcing the Spring" challenges standard histories of the environmental movement by offering a broad and inclusive interpretation of past environmentalist thought and a sweeping redefinition of the

The imperial archive : knowledge and the fantasy of empire

Nineteenth-century Britain could be seen as the first information society in history - for the simple reason that it accumulated knowledge from the far-flung corners of its empire much faster than it

Conservation Historiography: An Assessment

W E ARE EXPERIENCING a boom in the field of conservation history.' The boom comes partly from the temper of the times with the recent rediscovery of the environment, the concern for ecology, and the