Empathy with Inanimate Objects and the Uncanny Valley

@article{Misselhorn2009EmpathyWI,
  title={Empathy with Inanimate Objects and the Uncanny Valley},
  author={Catrin Misselhorn},
  journal={Minds and Machines},
  year={2009},
  volume={19},
  pages={345-359}
}
The term “uncanny valley” goes back to an article of the Japanese roboticist Masahiro Mori (Mori 1970, 2005). He put forward the hypothesis that humanlike objects like certain kinds of robots elicit emotional responses similar to real humans proportionate to their degree of human likeness. Yet, if a certain degree of similarity is reached emotional responses become all of a sudden very repulsive. The corresponding recess in the supposed function is called the uncanny valley. The present paper… Expand

Figures and Topics from this paper

Genuine empathy with inanimate objects
How do we enter into empathic relations with inanimate objects (IO)? Do we indirectly infer that they possess mental states, or directly perceive them as mental things? In recent years theseExpand
Understanding A.I. — Can and Should we Empathize with Robots?
Expanding the debate about empathy with human beings, animals, or fictional characters to include human-robot relationships, this paper proposes two different perspectives from which to assess theExpand
What Does It Mean to Empathise with a Robot?
Given that empathy allows people to form and maintain satisfying social relationships with other subjects, it is no surprise that this is one of the most studied phenomena in the area of human–robotExpand
The Uncanny Valley: Existence and Explanations
More than 40 years ago, Japanese roboticist Masahiro Mori (1970/2005) proposed the “uncanny valley” hypothesis, which predicted a nonlinear relation between robots’ perceived human likeness and theirExpand
What do humans feel with mistreated humans, animals, robots, and objects? Exploring the role of cognitive empathy
The aim of this paper is to present a study in which we compare the degree of empathy that a convenience sample of university students expressed with humans, animals, robots and objects. The presentExpand
Persistence of the Uncanny Valley
In recent years, the uncanny valley theory has been heavily investigated by researchers from various fields. However, the videos and images used in these studies do not permit any human interactionExpand
How to feel about emotionalized artificial intelligence? When robot pets, holograms, and chatbots become affective partners
TLDR
This paper wants to show that the justifications for the widespread intuition concerning the problems of EAI-systems are not as strong as they seem at first sight. Expand
Degrees of Empathy: Humans' Empathy Toward Humans, Animals, Robots and Objects
TLDR
Results show that participants expressed empathy differently when exposed to three clusters of social actors being mistreated: they felt more sad, sorry, aroused and out of control for animals than for humans, but showed little to no empathy for objects. Expand
Persistence of the uncanny valley: the influence of repeated interactions and a robot's attitude on its perception
TLDR
It is found that both investigated components of the uncanniness (likeability and eeriness) can be affected by an interaction with a robot. Expand
The Uncanny Valley Phenomenon and the Temporal Dynamics of Face Animacy Perception
TLDR
It is found that perceived animacy decreased as a function of exposure time only in android but not in human or mechanical-looking robot faces, and the manipulation of spatial frequency eliminated the decrease in android faces’ perceived Animacy and reduced their perceived uncanniness. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 51 REFERENCES
Mortality salience and the uncanny valley
  • K. MacDorman
  • Computer Science
  • 5th IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots, 2005.
  • 2005
TLDR
A hypothesis is that an uncanny robot elicits an innate fear of death and culturally-supported defenses for coping with death's inevitability and is the best means of finding out what kinds of behavior are perceived as human. Expand
Human emotion and the uncanny valley: A GLM, MDS, and Isomap analysis of robot video ratings
TLDR
This study applies regression, the generalized linear model, factor analysis, multidimensional scaling, and kernel isometric mapping to analyze ratings of 27 emotions of 18 moving figures whose appearance varies along a human likeness continuum to indicate attributions of eerie and creepy better capture the authors' visceral reaction to an uncanny robot than strange. Expand
The Presence of Others
Hybrid accounts of folk psychology maintain that we sometimes theorize and sometimes simulate in order to understand others. An important question is why this is the case. In this paper, I present aExpand
The Uncanny Valley
Though originally intended to provide an insight into human psychological reaction to robotic design, the concept expressed by this phrase is equally applicable to interactions with nearly anyExpand
A perspective on disgust.
TLDR
The ontogeny of disgust, which the author believes develops during the first 8 years of life, is considered and the idea that feces, the universal disgust object, is also the first is explored, and the mechanisms for the acquisition of disgust are examined. Expand
Depiction, Perception, and Imagination: Responses to Richard Wollheim
Richard Wollheim holds, famously, that pictorial representation is to be understood in terms of a visual experience of a special kind, which he calls seeing-in, an experience that suitable spectatorsExpand
What is emotion?
  • M. Cabanac
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Behavioural Processes
  • 2002
TLDR
It is proposed here that emotion is any mental experience with high intensity and high hedonic content (pleasure/displeasure), as a follow-up to a definition of consciousness as a four-dimensional experience. Expand
A Virtual Reprise of the Stanley Milgram Obedience Experiments
TLDR
The results show that in spite of the fact that all participants knew for sure that neither the stranger nor the shocks were real, the participants who saw and heard her tended to respond to the situation at the subjective, behavioural and physiological levels as if it were real. Expand
Consciousness And The World
Brian O'Shaughnessy puts forward a bold and original theory of consciousness, one of the most fascinating but puzzling aspects of human existence. Whatever mystery there may be about the origins ofExpand
The Intentionality of Phenomenology and the Phenomenology of Intentionality
What is the relationship between phenomenology and intentionality? A common picture in recent philosophy of mind has been that the phenomenal aspects and the intentional aspects of mentality areExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...