Empathy and justice motivation

@article{Hoffman1990EmpathyAJ,
  title={Empathy and justice motivation},
  author={Martin L. Hoffman},
  journal={Motivation and Emotion},
  year={1990},
  volume={14},
  pages={151-172}
}
  • M. Hoffman
  • Published 1 June 1990
  • Psychology
  • Motivation and Emotion
Empathic distress is defined as an aversive feeling contingent on another's physical, emotional, or economic distress. The paper (1) summarizes a developmental scheme consisting of four stages of empathic distress; (2) suggests that causal attributions may partly transform empathic distress into sympathy, empathic anger, feeling of injustice, and guilt feeling; (3) notes the evidence that these empathic affects often serve to motivate moral behavior, and therefore that they qualify as moral… 
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The Perception-Action Model (PAM), together with an understanding of how representations change with experience, can explain the major empirical effects in the literature and can also predict a variety of empathy disorders.
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TLDR
Outcomes demonstrate that, besides social roles, emotion awareness is an important factor for adaptive empathic reactions, whereas emotion dysregulation might cause distress when witnessing the negative feelings of others.
Restoring the Victim: Emotional Reactions, Justice Beliefs, and Support for Reparation and Punishment
Psychological responses to criminal wrongdoing have primarily focused on the offender, particularly on how (and why) offender punishment satisfies people’s need for justice. However, the restoration
Affective empathy as core moral agency: psychopathy, autism and reason revisited
Empathy has become a common point of debate in moral psychology. Recent developments in psychiatry, neurosciences and social psychology have led to the revival of sentimentalism, and the ‘empathy
Attachment and the Development of Moral Emotions in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review
TLDR
The present systematic literature review was designed to synthesize current empirical contributions that explore the link between attachment and the development of moral emotions during childhood and adolescence to contribute to the understanding of an empathic, healthy development in contrast to the alienation and bullying affecting the youth's emotional, relational and academic lives.
Empathy, the Easily Aroused Child and Antidotes for Bullying
SUMMARY This article presents the results of a qualitative interview study of the experience of empathy in the easily aroused child. Participants were asked about their perception and vicarious
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Empathy is defined as an affect more appropriate to another's situation than to one's own. The paper (i) summarizes different modes of empathic affect arousal; (ii) shows how empathic affect may
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This article takes an initial step toward integration of Kohlberg’s and Hoffman’s theories of morality and moral development. Kohlberg’s and Hoffman’s theories provide important and complementary
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TLDR
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