Empathy and Social Perspective Taking in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

@article{Marton2009EmpathyAS,
  title={Empathy and Social Perspective Taking in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder},
  author={Imola Marton and Judith Wiener and Maria Rogers and Chris Moore and Rosemary Tannock},
  journal={Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology},
  year={2009},
  volume={37},
  pages={107-118}
}
This study explored empathy and social perspective taking in 8 to 12 year old children with and without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The sample comprised 92 children, 50 with a diagnosis of ADHD and 42 typically developing comparison children. Although children with ADHD were rated by their parents as less empathic than children without ADHD, this difference was accounted for by co-occurring oppositional and conduct problems among children in the ADHD sample. Children with… 
Social Interest in Children With and Without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
TLDR
Results revealed that SI in children with ADHD was lower than in children without ADHD in three subscales of SISIC, and it is concluded that underdeveloped SI inChildren with ADHD should be considered in the evaluative and treatment processes.
Theory of Mind and Empathy in Children With ADHD
TLDR
Children with ADHD show impaired self-reported empathy and FPR when compared with healthy controls, and Stimulants improve FPR in children with ADHD to a level equal to that in healthy controls.
The relationship between aggression, empathy skills and serum oxytocin levels in male children and adolescents with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder
TLDR
It is concluded that OT may play a role in aggression and empathy skills, affecting the social life of those with ADHD.
Empathy and Facial Expression Recognition in Children With and Without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Effects of Stimulant Medication on Empathic Skills in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.
TLDR
The findings of this study suggest that children with ADHD have similar levels of trait and state empathy skills and facial expressions as healthy controls and CPs negatively affect their empathy skills.
Stimulants improve theory of mind in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
TLDR
It is concluded that deficits in empathy and ToM may play an important role in the impairments in social cognition and peer relationship in children with ADHD, especially children a hyperactive component.
Social Perspective Taking and Empathy in Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
TLDR
Insight is provided into the clinical and social profile of children with FASD, which shows reduced functioning on indices of sociobehavioral and social cognition, and the effects are influenced by sex and age.
Empathy Quotient and Systemizing Quotient in Elementary School Children with and without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Comparative Study
TLDR
The results indicate that children with ADHD have a lower ability to empathize compared to children without ADHD, and an intervention program focusing on improving empathy and systemizing ability needs to be developed in the community.
The overlap between Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder symptoms and their association with reading skills and social cognition ability
ADHD and ASD are both associated with social cognition and literacy deficits in childhood. Although ADHD and ASD are highly comorbid conditions, few studies have sought to examine to the role that
Autistic Traits and Empathy in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism Spectrum Disorder and Co-occurring Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder/Autism Spectrum Disorder
TLDR
Interestingly, in this sample an ADHD condition does not increase the severity of the clinical phenotype in terms of autism traits distribution and empathy, suggesting that the psychological measures detected by the two quantitative instruments are independent of ADHD traits.
Stop Hurting Start Helping. Empathy in children with disruptive behavior, attention-deficit and autism spectrum disorders
TLDR
Behavior and physiological measures were used to study empathy in 6-7 year old children with disruptive behavior (DBD), attention deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD), and results suggest that impairment in children with a diagnosis is related to Symptoms of DBD rather than to symptoms of ADHD.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 60 REFERENCES
Self-regulation of affect in attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and non-ADHD boys: differences in empathic responding.
TLDR
Differences in empathy and other emotions between boys with and without attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are examined by an empathy response task (ERT) and through self- and parent reports of emotion.
Social Skills Training in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Randomized-Controlled Clinical Trial
  • K. AntshelR. Remer
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53
  • 2003
TLDR
SST led to greater improvements in both parent- and child-perceived assertion skills in the children with ADHD, yet did not affect the other domains of social competence, yet the 2 diagnostic entities did not differ in improvement levels across all other social skills.
On-Line Story Representation in Boys with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) face an increased risk of poor achievement in school. Thus, knowledge of the cognitive processing abilities of children with ADHD is
Peer Relations of Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Children with attention‐deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) present numerous problems associated with deficits in attentional and behavioral control. Unfortunately, many of these children also
Toward a new psychometric definition of social disability in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
TLDR
The psychometrically defined construct of social disability may identifyChildren with ADHD who are at very high risk for severe social dysfunction and whose course and prognosis may vary from those of other children with ADHD.
Treating Conduct Problems and Strengthening Social and Emotional Competence in Young Children
Young preschool and early-school-age children with early onset conduct problems are at high risk for school dropout, substance abuse, violence, and delinquency in later years. Consequently,
Language, social cognitive processing, and behavioral characteristics of psychiatrically disturbed children with previously identified and unsuspected language impairments.
TLDR
This study examined characteristics of social cognitive processing, psychiatric disorder, and behavioral ratings of 380 children referred consecutively for child psychiatric services with identified and unsuspected language impairments and with normally developing language.
Empathy in boys with disruptive behavior disorders.
TLDR
Findings suggest that situational factors may be involved in DBD boys' reduced responsiveness to another person's sadness.
The role of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity in the positive illusory bias.
  • J. OwensB. Hoza
  • Psychology
    Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 2003
TLDR
Regression analyses suggested that positive illusory self-perceptions are associated with more severe hyperactivity/impulsivity, but not more severe inattention.
Peer-Assessed Outcomes in the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
  • B. HozaA. Gerdes T. Wigal
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53
  • 2005
TLDR
There was little evidence of superiority of any of the treatments for the peer-assessed outcomes studied, although the limited evidence that emerged favored treatments involving medication management.
...
...