Empathy: Its ultimate and proximate bases.


There is disagreement in the literature about the exact nature of the phenomenon of empathy. There are emotional, cognitive, and conditioning views, applying in varying degrees across species. An adequate description of the ultimate and proximate mechanism can integrate these views. Proximately, the perception of an object's state activates the subject's… (More)


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@article{Preston2002EmpathyIU, title={Empathy: Its ultimate and proximate bases.}, author={Stephanie D. Preston and Frans B. M. de Waal}, journal={The Behavioral and brain sciences}, year={2002}, volume={25 1}, pages={1-20; discussion 20-71} }