Empathy, Compassion Fatigue, and Burnout in Police Officers Working With Rape Victims

@article{Turgoose2017EmpathyCF,
  title={Empathy, Compassion Fatigue, and Burnout in Police Officers Working With Rape Victims},
  author={David Turgoose and Naomi Glover and Chris Barker and Lucy Maddox},
  journal={Traumatology},
  year={2017},
  volume={23},
  pages={205–213}
}
Police officers who work with victims of rape and sexual assault are exposed to severely traumatic material. This study aimed to investigate whether these specialist officers had developed compassion fatigue, secondary traumatic stress, and burnout, and whether these variables were associated with trait and situational empathy, an important factor in retaining victim involvement within the prosecution process. The study also piloted a brief training intervention aimed at educating officers… 

Tables from this paper

An Exploratory Study of Police Officers: Low Compassion Satisfaction and Compassion Fatigue

Findings from an ongoing study of compassion fatigue amongst a sample of US urban police officers suggest a possibility of higher numbers of burnout in the future given the role of compassion satisfaction as a buffer against compassion fatigue in policing.

Using Collaborative, Mixed-Methods Research to Determine Professional Self-care’s Relation to Burnout Among Police Officers at a Sexual Assault Kit Initiative Site

Burnout, an occupational syndrome characterized by feelings of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and diminished personal accomplishment, is highly prevalent among police officers, perhaps as a

Using Collaborative, Mixed-Methods Research to Determine Professional Self-care’s Relation to Burnout Among Police Officers at a Sexual Assault Kit Initiative Site

Burnout, an occupational syndrome characterized by feelings of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and diminished personal accomplishment, is highly prevalent among police officers, perhaps as a

Secondary Traumatic Stress in Italian Police Officers: The Role of Job Demands and Job Resources

Police officer organizations should contribute to preventing the phenomenon of secondary traumatic stress by proposing programs that implement resilience training and adaptive coping strategies, and suggest implications and insights for both police officers and the organizations in which they work.

Individual and Relational Predictors of Compassion Fatigue Among Counselors-in-Training

Scholars have described compassion fatigue as the result of chronic exposure to clients’ suffering and traumatic stories. Counselors can struggle when they experience compassion fatigue because of

Individual characteristics, secondary trauma and burnout in police sexual and violent offending teams

The traumatic nature of work conducted by specialist police staff places them at risk of developing work-related stress and psychological health difficulties. The study examined risk and resilience

Compassion for Oneself and Others Protects the Mental Health of First Responders

Self-compassion and compassionate love each play important roles in promoting mental health among first responders and programs designed to increase compassion could be beneficial in this population of first responders.

Vicarious trauma, secondary traumatic stress or burnout?: an exploratory study of the effects of investigating sexual assault cases on detectives

PurposePolice officers are exposed to a wide variety of stressors – frequently interacting with people at their worst moments and sometimes absorbing the trauma that victims experience themselves.

The impact of a mindfulness-based intervention on the quality of life of Spanish national police officers.

MBIs could be an effective way of reducing stress levels among police officers in Spain and provide a new approach to reducing stress and enhancing the psychological and emotional balance of these officers.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 73 REFERENCES

Witness to suffering: mindfulness and compassion fatigue among traumatic bereavement volunteers and professionals.

Overall, this sample showed surprisingly high levels of compassion satisfaction and low Levels of compassion fatigue, even among respondents thought to be at higher risk of problems due to personal trauma, which is particularly relevant for social workers and other professionals employed in positions in which they encounter trauma and high emotional stress.

Police Empathy and Victim PTSD as Potential Factors in Rape Case Attrition

This exploratory study investigated whether rape victims’ subjective perceptions of whether to proceed with legal action were associated with their experience of disclosing to the police during their

The relationship between different facets of empathy, pain perception and compassion fatigue among physicians

Professional experience seems to desensitize physicians to the pain of others without necessarily helping them down-regulate their own personal distress.

Compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue, anxiety, depression and stress in registered nurses in Australia: study 1 results.

The employed nurse workforce would benefit from a psychosocial capacity building intervention that reduces a nurse's risk profile, thus enhancing retention and reducing burnout.

Personal and Contextual Predictors of Mental Health Counselors' Compassion Fatigue and Burnout

This study applied transactional stress and coping theory to explore the contributions of counselor gender, years of experience, perceived working conditions, personal resources of mindfulness, use

Intrapsychic Correlates of Professional Quality of Life: Mindfulness, Empathy, and Emotional Separation

Research examining stress disorders provides important information about professional and workplace variables with the potential to influence practitioners’ risk for compassion fatigue and burnout.

The Relation of Secondary Traumatization to Therapists' Perceptions of the Working Alliance with Clients Who Commit Sexual Abuse.

The authors assessed burnout, compassion fatigue, secondary trauma symptoms, and compassion satisfaction in relation to experienced therapists' perceptions of the working alliance. Participants, 106

Reflecting on the concept of compassion fatigue.

  • B. Sabo
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Online journal of issues in nursing
  • 2011
The emphasis of this article is on compassion fatigue and its theoretical conceptualization, but the concepts of burnout and vicarious traumatization are also discussed.

Personal factors related to compassion fatigue in health professionals

Major findings indicate that both self-report “trait” emotional intelligence and ability-based emotion management are inversely associated with compassion fatigue; adaptive coping is inversely related to compassion fatigue'; and differences exist between mental and medical professions in emotional intelligence, coping strategies, and negative affect.

Correlates of Compassion Fatigue and Burnout in Chaplains and Other Clergy who Responded to the September 11th Attacks in New York City

The number of hours clergy worked with trauma victims each week was directly related to compassion fatigue among responders and non-responders, and Burnout was inversely related to age in both groups.
...