Empathising and systematising in children with and without autism spectrum disorder

@article{Girli2017EmpathisingAS,
  title={Empathising and systematising in children with and without autism spectrum disorder},
  author={Alev Girli and Filiz Karadağ and Burak Karabey},
  journal={journal of new results in science},
  year={2017},
  volume={14},
  pages={457-472}
}
It is known that children with autism are insufficient in building empathy. A part of the difficulties in social interaction may originate from the lack of empathy. This research consists of two studies. First study is adaptation of the “Child Empathy Systemizing Quotient” (EQ-SQ) to Turkish culture which is prepared considering the behaviour characteristics of children in the Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASC) group, and realizing its validity and reliability. This research is conducted with 760… 
1 Citations

Tables from this paper

Questionnaire Measures of Empathy in Children: A Scoping Review.
TLDR
This scoping review is the first to collate currently available information about self-report, other- report, and performance-based questionnaire measures of empathy for children aged up to 11 years, and highlighted the importance of researchers having clarity on their definition of empathy and choosing measures consistent with this, and the merit of utilizing a multimodal assessment approach.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 61 REFERENCES
INVESTIGATING EMPATHY SKILL LEVELS OF CHILDREN WITH AUTISM AND TYPICALLY DEVELOPED CHILDREN BETWEEN THE AGES OF 9-16
TLDR
The study reveals that children with high functioning autism (HFA) have lower empathic skills, whereas children with Asperger Syndrome (AS) do not differ from typically developed (TD) children in terms of empathic skill levels.
Empathy in children with autism and conduct disorder: group-specific profiles and developmental aspects.
BACKGROUND   A deficit in empathy is discussed to underlie difficulties in social interaction of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and conduct disorder (CD). To date, no study has compared
Empathizing and Systemizing in Adults with and without Autism Spectrum Conditions: Cross-Cultural Stability
TLDR
The distribution of ‘brain types’, based on the difference between EQ and SQ scores, showed distinct profiles for people with ASC, control males and control females.
Empathising and Systemising in Adults with and without Asperger Syndrome
TLDR
Females scored significantly lower than both male groups on the systemising task, who did not differ significantly from each other, in line with both the E–S theory of autism and the ‘extreme male brain’ theory of Autism.
The Children’s Empathy Quotient and Systemizing Quotient: Sex Differences in Typical Development and in Autism Spectrum Conditions
TLDR
Children’s versions of the Empathy quotient and Systemizing Quotient were developed and administered to parents of typically developing children, aged 4–11 years, and showed good test–retest reliability and high internal consistency.
Brief Report: Development of the Adolescent Empathy and Systemizing Quotients
TLDR
Adolescent versions of the Empathy Quotient and Systemizing quotient were developed and administered to parents of typically developing adolescents, showing good test–retest reliability and high internal consistency, and individuals with ASC, regardless of age, on average exhibit a ‘hyper-masculinized’ profile.
Affective and cognitive empathy in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder
TLDR
The results suggest that adolescents with ASD show a difficulty in cognitive empathy, whereas the deficit in affective empathy is specific for the negative emotional valence.
The Empathy Quotient: An Investigation of Adults with Asperger Syndrome or High Functioning Autism, and Normal Sex Differences
TLDR
The EQ reveals both a sex difference in empathy in the general population and an empathy deficit in Asperger Syndrome or high-functioning autism adults, who are reported clinically to have difficulties in empathy.
Feeling, caring, knowing: different types of empathy deficit in boys with psychopathic tendencies and autism spectrum disorder
TLDR
The findings suggest that the affective/information processing correlates of psychopathic tendencies and ASD are quite different, whereas ASD is characterised by difficulties in knowing what other people think.
Dissociation between cognitive and affective empathy in youth with Asperger Syndrome
Autism spectrum conditions, among them Asperger Syndrome (AS), are generally described as entailing deficits in “cognitive empathy” or “theory of mind”. People with AS tend to have difficulties
...
...