Empathic neural responses are modulated by the perceived fairness of others

  title={Empathic neural responses are modulated by the perceived fairness of others},
  author={Tania Singer and Ben Seymour and John P. O'Doherty and Klaas Enno Stephan and Raymond J. Dolan and Chris D. Frith},
The neural processes underlying empathy are a subject of intense interest within the social neurosciences. [] Key Method We engaged male and female volunteers in an economic game, in which two confederates played fairly or unfairly, and then measured brain activity with functional magnetic resonance imaging while these same volunteers observed the confederates receiving pain. Both sexes exhibited empathy-related activation in pain-related brain areas (fronto-insular and anterior cingulate cortices) towards…
Social hierarchy modulates neural responses of empathy for pain.
The findings indicate that emotional sharing with others' pain is shaped by relative positions in a social hierarchy such that underlying empathic neural responses are biased toward inferior-status compared with superior-status individuals.
Empathic Neural Responses Predict Group Allegiance
This is the first report of a single machine learning model on neural activation that generalizes to multiple representations of ingroup and outgroup, and may prove useful as an objective diagnostic tool to measure the magnitude of one's group affiliations, and the effectiveness of interventions to reduce ingroup biases.
The neural basis of empathy.
Empathy-related insular and cingulate activity may reflect domain-general computations representing and predicting feeling states in self and others, likely guiding adaptive homeostatic responses and goal-directed behavior in dynamic social contexts.
Gender differences in empathic responses to others’ economic payoffs: an event-related potentials study
The results showed that the N2 amplitudes in female participants were more negative than those in male participants, indicating a greater female than male susceptibility to facial expressions at the early stage of empathy.
Deliberate or unintended: Intentions modulate empathic responses to others’ economic payoffs in social interactions
Results showed that unfair division schemes elicited a more pronounced FRN than fair ones only if a human agent proposed the initial offer, demonstrating that perceived intention modulates behavioral and neural responses to others’ economic payoffs in social interactions.
Perceived reputation of others modulates empathic neural responses
The results indicated that the participants exhibited reduced empathic responses in AI and dACC to the individual who had a bad reputation relative to the one whoHad a good reputation, suggesting that their empathy for pain was modulated by the perceived reputation of others.


Empathy for Pain Involves the Affective but not Sensory Components of Pain
Only that part of the pain network associated with its affective qualities, but not its sensory qualities, mediates empathy, suggesting that the neural substrate for empathic experience does not involve the entire "pain matrix".
Empathy: Its ultimate and proximate bases.
The Perception-Action Model (PAM), together with an understanding of how representations change with experience, can explain the major empirical effects in the literature and can also predict a variety of empathy disorders.
Vicarious responses to pain in anterior cingulate cortex: Is empathy a multisensory issue?
A shared neural substrate for felt and seen pain for aversive ecological events happening to strangers and in the absence of overt symbolic cues is suggested.
The functional architecture of human empathy.
A model of empathy that involves parallel and distributed processing in a number of dissociable computational mechanisms is proposed and may be used to make specific predictions about the various empathy deficits that can be encountered in different forms of social and neurological disorders.
A Multidimensional Approach to Individual Differences in Empathy
The development of a multidimensional individual difference measure of empathy is described. The final version of the instrument consists of four seven-item subscales, each of which taps a separate
Emotion and motivation: the role of the amygdala, ventral striatum, and prefrontal cortex
Human feelings: why are some more aware than others?
  • A. Craig
  • Psychology, Biology
    Trends in Cognitive Sciences
  • 2004