Emotions evoked by the sound of music: characterization, classification, and measurement.

  title={Emotions evoked by the sound of music: characterization, classification, and measurement.},
  author={Marcel Zentner and Didier Grandjean and Klaus R. Scherer},
  volume={8 4},
One reason for the universal appeal of music lies in the emotional rewards that music offers to its listeners. But what makes these rewards so special? The authors addressed this question by progressively characterizing music-induced emotions in 4 interrelated studies. Studies 1 and 2 (n=354) were conducted to compile a list of music-relevant emotion terms and to study the frequency of both felt and perceived emotions across 5 groups of listeners with distinct music preferences. Emotional… 

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