Emotions and sport performance: an exploration of happiness, hope, and anger.

  title={Emotions and sport performance: an exploration of happiness, hope, and anger.},
  author={Tim Woodman and Paul A Davis and Lew Hardy and Nichola Callow and Ian Glasscock and Jason Yuill-Proctor},
  journal={Journal of sport \& exercise psychology},
  volume={31 2},
We conducted three experiments to examine the relationships between emotions and subcomponents of performance. Experiment 1 revealed that anger was associated with enhanced gross muscular peak force performance but that happiness did not influence grammatical reasoning performance. Following Lazarus (1991, 2000a), we examined hope rather than happiness in Experiment 2. As hypothesized, hope yielded faster soccer-related reaction times in soccer players. Experiment 3 was an examination of… Expand
Self-Generated Emotions and Their Influence on Sprint Performance: An Investigation of Happiness and Anxiety
The main purpose of this study was to examine the effects of self-generated emotions on sprinting times within the frameworks of Lazarus's (1991b, 2000b) cognitive-motivational-relational theory andExpand
The influence of self-generated emotions on physical performance: an investigation of happiness, anger, anxiety, and sadness.
All experiments showed that participants could produce significantly better physical performances when recalling anger or happiness emotions in contrast to the emotion-neutral state. Expand
Exploring Individual Differences in the Experience of Anger in Sport Competition: The Importance of Cognitive, Emotional, and Motivational Variables
As anger is one of the most commonly experienced emotions in sport competition, this study aims to explore the individual differences in anger. A multisport sample of 269 athletes completedExpand
A psychophysiological examination of the emotions-performance relationship
As anger is one of the most commonly experienced emotions in sport competition, this research project aimed to explore the effect of anger on physical activities of gross and fine muscular skillExpand
When Anger Motivates: Approach States Selectively Influence Running Performance
It is suggested that emotions eliciting approach-related motivational states may improve exercise performance, particularly in slower runners. Expand
Don't Make Me Angry! A Psychophysiological Examination of the Anger–Performance Relationship in Intermediate and Elite Fencers
We aimed to identify the effect of state-anger on precision, speed, and power components of performance during fencing attacks. We conducted a laboratory-based, single-case research experiment toExpand
Relating Competitive Golfers’ Perceived Emotions and Performance
It is shown that within persons, emotions and task-oriented coping were reactions that stemmed from performance on the previous hole; and between persons, player skill level predicted both better scores and the ability to limit the influence of negative affect on performance. Expand
Do Performance Strategies Moderate the Relationship Between Personality and Training Behaviors? An Exploratory Study
The aim of the present research was to investigate the relationship between personality traits, performance strategies, and training behaviors. In two studies we distributed the InternationalExpand
Positive emotion in sport performance: current status and future directions
Emotions have firmly established their place in sport psychology research over the past 40 years. For many decades following World War II, mainstream psychology researchers placed negative emotionsExpand
Examining Positive Affect and Job Performance in Sport Organizations: A Conceptual Model Using an Emotional Intelligence Lens
In this conceptual article we introduce a model examining emotional intelligence (EI) and its effects on job performance in team sport. Moreover, we propose that both coaches and athletes activelyExpand


How Emotions Influence Performance in Competitive Sports
In this article, I have attempted to apply my cognitive-motivational-relational theory of emotion, on which I have been working for over 50 years, to an understanding of performance in competitiveExpand
Differential Effects of Incongruent Anger Expression on Memory Performance
Abstract. There is growing evidence that certain strategies of emotion regulation may lead to impaired cognitive performance. The present study investigated the impact of manipulated discrepancyExpand
Physical performance and self-efficacy under happy and sad moods
Two experiments involving 87 undergraduates examined whether happiness produces increased performance on a physical task and tested whether self-efficacy mediated the results. When mood inductionsExpand
Studies on anger and aggression. Implications for theories of emotion.
  • J. Averill
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American psychologist
  • 1983
The primary focus of the present paper is not on anger and aggression, but anger is used as a paradigm case to explore a number of issues in the study of emotion, including the advantages and limitations of laboratory research, the use of self-reports, the proper unit of analysis for the studyof emotion, the relationship between human and animal emotion, and the authenticity of socially constituted emotional responses. Expand
Perceived impact of anger and anxiety on sporting performance in rugby players
Abstract Objective : The main purpose of the study was to extend the notion of directional perceptions beyond anxiety to anger in order to assess rugby players’ perception of the facilitative orExpand
Antecedents of Emotions in Elite Athletes
Conurrent inductive and deductive content analyses suggested that primary and secondary appraisal components were associated with a range of emotions: anger, anxiety, guilt, happiness, pride, relief, sadness, and shame. Expand
Exploring self-talk and affective states in sport
Findings lend support to the suggestion that negative self-talk may motivate some athletes, and an examination of scatter plots indicated that some athletes rated their self- talk as negative as being motivational. Expand
Mood, persistence, and success
Tested the hypothesis that level of performance and persistence in completing tasks is affected by mood. 44 female and 41 male college students received tape-recorded instructions to recall vividlyExpand
Measuring the experience, expression, and control of anger.
A psychometric scale to assess the experience, expression and control of anger in Latin American countries was developed and items were adapted from the xpression Inventory (STAXI). Expand
The relations between anger, coping with anger, and aggression, and the BIS/BAS system
In two studies, the relations between the experience and expression of anger and the Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Approach System were investigated with self-report data. In a first study,Expand