Emotional responses to pleasant and unpleasant music correlate with activity in paralimbic brain regions

@article{Blood1999EmotionalRT,
  title={Emotional responses to pleasant and unpleasant music correlate with activity in paralimbic brain regions},
  author={Anne J. Blood and Robert J. Zatorre and Patrick Bermudez and Alan C. Evans},
  journal={Nature Neuroscience},
  year={1999},
  volume={2},
  pages={382-387}
}
Neural correlates of the often-powerful emotional responses to music are poorly understood. Here we used positron emission tomography to examine cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes related to affective responses to music. Ten volunteers were scanned while listening to six versions of a novel musical passage varying systematically in degree of dissonance. Reciprocal CBF covariations were observed in several distinct paralimbic and neocortical regions as a function of dissonance and of perceived… 
Intensely pleasurable responses to music correlate with activity in brain regions implicated in reward and emotion
  • A. Blood, R. Zatorre
  • Psychology, Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2001
TLDR
This finding links music with biologically relevant, survival-related stimuli via their common recruitment of brain circuitry involved in pleasure and reward.
Music and emotion: electrophysiological correlates of the processing of pleasant and unpleasant music.
TLDR
Findings show that Fm theta is modulated by emotion more strongly than previously believed.
Investigating the emotional response to room acoustics: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study.
TLDR
The analysis detected activations in the dorsal striatum, a region associated with anticipation of reward, for two individuals for the highest rated stimulus, though no activations were found for regions associated with negative emotions in any subject.
Passive music listening spontaneously engages limbic and paralimbic systems
TLDR
In this PET study, non-musicians passively listened to unfamiliar instrumental music revealed afterward to elicit strongly pleasant feelings and spontaneous responses in limbic and paralimbic areas during passive listening to unfamiliar although liked music.
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TLDR
Functional neuroimaging with parametric analyses based on the intensity of felt emotions reveal a differentiated recruitment across emotions of networks involved in reward, memory, self-reflective, and sensorimotor processes, which may account for the unique richness of musical emotions.
Electroencephalographic dynamics of musical emotion perception revealed by independent spectral components
TLDR
The resultant emotion-related component activations that were less interfered by the activities from other brain processes complement previous EEG studies of emotion perception to music.
Emotional Responses to Music: Shifts in Frontal Brain Asymmetry Mark Periods of Musical Change
TLDR
Empirical support is provided for the proposal that change in basic musical features is a fundamental trigger of emotional responses in listeners.
Temporal dynamics of musical emotions examined through intersubject synchrony of brain activity.
TLDR
The results reveal synchronous activations in left amygdala, left insula and right caudate nucleus that were associated with higher arousal, whereas positive valence ratings correlated with decreases in amygdala and caUDate activity.
Pleasurable emotional response to music: A case of neurodegenerative generalized auditory agnosia
TLDR
The case of a young man with auditory agnosia as the consequence of cortical neurodegeneration who continues to experience pleasure when exposed to music is presented, with implications for the evolving understanding of music perception, music misperception, music memory, and music-associated emotion.
Dynamic Emotional and Neural Responses to Music Depend on Performance Expression and Listener Experience
TLDR
The findings show that expressive music performance evokes emotion and reward related neural activations, and that music's affective impact on the brains of listeners is altered by musical training.
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