Emotional reactions to music in depressed individuals

  title={Emotional reactions to music in depressed individuals},
  author={Laura S. Sakka and Patrik N. Juslin},
  journal={Psychology of Music},
  pages={862 - 880}
Music is often used to alleviate depression, an affective disorder. Yet, little is known about how listeners suffering from depression respond emotionally to music. The goal of this study was to investigate whether listeners show different patterns of emotional reactions to music depending on level of depression. In previous research, depression has been linked with negative biases in cognitive processes such as memory and attention. Here we indirectly investigated whether such biases may also… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Emotion regulation with music in depressed and non-depressed individuals
Music is often used for regulating emotions in everyday life and could have both beneficial and harmful effects on emotional health. Depression is associated with impaired emotion-regulation skills,Expand
Spontaneous Music-Evoked Autobiographical Memories in Individuals Experiencing Depression
Listening to music often triggers strong memories of events from our past, which influence how we affectively experience music listening and can therefore contribute to music’s therapeutic capacity.Expand
Personalising music for more effective mood induction: Exploring activation, underlying mechanisms, emotional intelligence, and motives in mood regulation
The present studies investigated the effects of personal (i.e., self-selected) music and music pre-selected by the researcher on the induction of sadness and joy while taking into consideration theExpand
The effects of emotionally congruent sad music listening in young adults high in rumination
There is debate as to whether sad music is harmful or helpful when used to regulate emotions. Listeners’ trait level of rumination may influence their responses to sad music during sadness. This st...
Results May Vary: Overcoming Variability in Consumer Response to Advertising Music
Although listening to music seems effortless, it actually involves many separate psychological mechanisms. This article describes and extends the multimechanism framework proposed by Juslin andExpand
Emotional Reactions to Music in Dementia Patients and Healthy Controls: Differential Responding Depends on the Mechanism
Music is frequently regarded as a unique way to connect with dementia patients. Yet little is known about how persons with dementia respond emotionally to music. Are their responses different from ...
Creating, practicing, and reacting to music: A content analysis of research
Psychology of music, a science of the relations between humans and sound structures, is continuously developing. Given the growing number of publications in this domain, reviews of the literature areExpand
Automatic composition of descriptive music : A case study of the relationship between image and sound
Human beings establish relationships with the environment mainly through sight and hearing. This work focuses on the concept of descriptive music, which makes use of sound resources to narrate aExpand


Biased emotional recognition in depression: perception of emotions in music by depressed patients.
Depressed patients' negative emotional bias was demonstrated using musical stimuli, which suggests that the evaluation of emotional qualities in music could become a means to discriminate between depressed and non-depressed subjects. Expand
Major depression is associated with impaired processing of emotion in music as well as in facial and vocal stimuli.
Major depression is associated with a general negative bias in the processing of emotional stimuli, and emotional processing impairment in depression is not confined to interpersonal stimuli, being also present in the ability to feel music accurately. Expand
Emotional reactions to music in a nationally representative sample of Swedish adults
Empirical studies have indicated that listeners value music primarily for its ability to arouse emotions. Yet little is known about which emotions listeners normally experience when listening toExpand
Emotional responses to music: the need to consider underlying mechanisms.
It is concluded that music evokes emotions through mechanisms that are not unique to music, and that the study of musical emotions could benefit the emotion field as a whole by providing novel paradigms for emotion induction. Expand
Finding words for emotions: The reactions of patients with major depressive disorder towards various musical excerpts
Abstract This study aims to show that the specific use of sad music in patients with major depressive disorder can circumvent the verbal barrier they typically experience when asked to express theirExpand
From Sound to Significance: Exploring the Mechanisms Underlying Emotional Reactions to Music.
It is concluded that a satisfactory account of musical emotions requires consideration of how musical features and responses are mediated by a range of underlying mechanisms. Expand
Emotional responses to music: experience, expression, and physiology
A crucial issue in research on music and emotion is whether music evokes genuine emotional responses in listeners (the emotivist position) or whether listeners merely perceive emotions expressed byExpand
What makes music emotionally significant? Exploring the underlying mechanisms
A common approach to study emotional reactions to music is to attempt to obtain direct links between musical surface features such as tempo and a listener’s response. However, such an analysisExpand
An experience sampling study of emotional reactions to music: listener, music, and situation.
The Experience Sampling Method was used to explore emotions to music as they naturally occurred in everyday life, with a focus on the prevalence of different musical emotions and how such emotionsExpand
Cognitive Aspects of Depression.
Research examining cognitive aspects of depression not only enhances the understanding of this common and costly disorder, but also has implications for the treatment of depression and for future investigations of the biological foundations of this disorder. Expand