Emotional reactions to learning in cattle

  title={Emotional reactions to learning in cattle},
  author={K. Hagen and Donald M Broom},
  journal={Applied Animal Behaviour Science},
Abstract It has been suggested that during instrumental learning, animals are likely to react emotionally to the reinforcer. They may in addition react emotionally to their own achievements. These reactions are of interest with regard to the animals’ capacity for self-awareness. Therefore, we devised a yoked control experiment involving the acquisition of an operant task. We aimed to identify the emotional reactions of young cattle to their own learning and to separate these from reactions to a… Expand

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