Emotion regulation difficulties in traumatized youth: a meta-analysis and conceptual review

  title={Emotion regulation difficulties in traumatized youth: a meta-analysis and conceptual review},
  author={Laia Villalta and P. Smith and Nisha Hickin and Argyris K. Stringaris},
  journal={European Child \& Adolescent Psychiatry},
This article provides a quantitative and conceptual review of emotion regulation difficulties in trauma-exposed young people, and informs future directions in the field. Despite long-standing interest in the influence of emotion regulation difficulties on different internalizing and externalizing psychiatric disorders in childhood, several questions remain unresolved with respect to children and adolescents with PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder). Meta-analytic data from adult victims… 

Psychodynamic Psychotherapy for Children as a Trauma-Informed Intervention.

It is proposed that a therapeutic focus on traumatized children's defenses can overcome the damaging reverberations of trauma and bypass the difficulties of high attrition rates, expense, and limited generalizability characteristic of skills training-based modalities.

Adolescent Psychopathology and Alexithymia: A Systematic Review of the Literature

Adolescence is a critical developmental period characterised by emotional, social and physical changes which can leave young people vulnerable to mental health difficulties. A wide body of research

Emotion Regulation Is Associated With PTSD and Depression Among Female Adolescent Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse

Mediation analyses showed that emotion regulation difficulties were associated with both PTSD and depressive symptoms rather than fitting a unidirectional model and highlight the importance of emotion regulation in adolescent survivors of sexual abuse.

The Impact of Childhood Trauma, Hallucinations, and Emotional Reactivity on Delusional Ideation

A large body of evidence has demonstrated that childhood trauma increases the risk for developing a psychotic disorder. However, the path by which psychotic symptoms develop following trauma is

The role of affect regulation in developmental trauma: an empirical study of children in residential care

ABSTRACT The focus of this study is the role played by chronic dysregulation of affect in the presentation and treatment of severely abused and neglected children. The study used narrative story

Lost in Transition? Evidence-Based Treatments for Adolescents and Young Adults with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Results of an Uncontrolled Feasibility Trial Evaluating Cognitive Processing Therapy

  • A. VogelR. Rosner
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Clinical child and family psychology review
  • 2019
Clinical recommendations for caregiver involvement and the addressing of developmental tasks, motivational issues and emotion regulation problems are discussed and results indicated that CPT, with only minor adaptations, was feasible and safe in AYAs.

The Role of Gender in the Associations Among Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms, Anger, and Aggression in Russian Adolescents.

It is suggested that PTSD symptoms may have an important impact on anger, anger rumination, and aggression during adolescence, and boys seem to have an increased risk for aggressive behavior in the presence of PTSD symptoms.

Investigating emotion regulation and social information processing as mechanisms linking adverse childhood experiences with psychosocial functioning in young swiss adults: the FACE epidemiological accelerated cohort study

The results of the FACE epidemiological study will contribute to the understanding of the underlying mechanisms that link ACE with psychosocial functioning which is crucial for an improved insight into risk and resilience processes and for tailoring interventions.



Emotion Regulation and Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms: A Meta-Analysis

It is suggested that several aspects of ER are associated with PTS symptoms across a variety of samples and the current study highlights a number of limitations in the existing ER and PTS symptom literature.

Psychological Treatments for Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults: A Meta-Analysis

CBT, especially when conducted in individual treatment with the inclusion of parents, is a highly effective treatment for trauma symptoms, and psychological treatments need to be modified to address younger patients’ specific needs.

Trauma-related reactivity and regulation of emotion: associations with posttraumatic stress symptoms.

A Meta-Analysis of the Association Between Appraisals of Trauma and Posttraumatic Stress in Children and Adolescents.

Results were consistent with the cognitive behavioral theory of PTSD, demonstrating that appraisals of trauma are strongly related to posttraumatic stress in children and adolescents, but this relationship was not observed in a sample of 4- to 6-year-olds, indicating that further research is required to explicate cognitive processing of trauma in very young children.

Investigating the dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder in a sample of traumatized detained youth.

Results consistent with statistical mediation suggested that the presence of peritraumatic dissociation at the time of trauma may contribute to the continuation of dissociative symptoms as a more generalized pattern.

Numbing of Positive, Negative, and General Emotions: Associations With Trauma Exposure, Posttraumatic Stress, and Depressive Symptoms Among Justice-Involved Youth.

Results of hierarchical multiple regressions indicated that only general emotional numbing and numbing of anger accounted for significant variance in PTSD symptoms, and tests using Hayes' Process macro showed that general numbing, 95% CI [.02, .45], and numing of anger, demonstrated indirect effects on the association between trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms.

Psychological therapies for children and adolescents exposed to trauma.

The likelihood of being diagnosed with PTSD in children and adolescents who received a psychological therapy was significantly reduced compared to those who received no treatment, treatment as usual or were on a waiting list for up to a month following treatment.

Symptom variation on the trauma symptom checklist for children: a within-scale meta-analytic review.

Moderator analyses revealed that sexual abuse, increased percentage of females, and older age were all associated with higher posttraumatic symptoms, which help elucidate some of the divergent findings on symptom expression in youth exposed to traumatic events.