Emotion regulation: Quantitative meta-analysis of functional activation and deactivation

@article{Frank2014EmotionRQ,
  title={Emotion regulation: Quantitative meta-analysis of functional activation and deactivation},
  author={David W. Frank and Matthew Dewitt and Matthew E Hudgens-Haney and David J. Schaeffer and B. Hunter Ball and Nicolette Francoise Schwarz and Anan A. Hussein and Laura M. Smart and Dean Sabatinelli},
  journal={Neuroscience \& Biobehavioral Reviews},
  year={2014},
  volume={45},
  pages={202-211}
}

Neural representation of emotion regulation goals

TLDR
The neural mechanisms of regulating emotion using fMRI are examined and a core system that represents reappraisal goals in an abstract, stimulus‐independent fashion is identified, concluding that those cognitive mechanisms may be used for orchestrating emotion regulation.

Brain activation during cognitive reappraisal depending on regulation goals and stimulus valence

TLDR
Reappraisal is not a uniform process and may have different neural bases depending on regulation goals and stimulus valence, as well as differences in brain activation between the ‘decrease’ and ‘ increase’ emotional response conditions.

Imaging the up’s and down’s of emotion regulation in lifetime depression

TLDR
Despite a pattern of reduced neural emotional reactivity in mainly medicated patients, their ‘successful’ recruitment of the regulation network for up-regulation might point toward an effective use of reappraisal when increasing negative emotions.

The neural bases of cognitive emotion regulation: The roles of strategy and intensity

TLDR
Findings indicated that prefrontal regions were engaged by all three regulation strategies, but reappraisal showed the least amount of increase in activity as a function of intensity, consistent with the notion that there is a continuum of cognitive emotion regulation along which all three of these strategies lie.

Effective amygdala-prefrontal connectivity predicts individual differences in successful emotion regulation

TLDR
It is suggested that successful reappraisal is linked to changes in effective connectivity between two systems, prefrontal cognitive control regions and regions crucially involved in emotional evaluation.

Successful Emotion Regulation Is Predicted by Amygdala Activity and Aspects of Personality: A Latent Variable Approach

TLDR
It is found that successful downregulation is predicted by activity in key regions related to emotion processing, and the individual ability to successfully upregulate emotions is strongly associated with the ability to identify feelings, conscientiousness, and neuroticism.

The Role of Motivation in Cognitive Reappraisal for Depressed Patients

TLDR
The findings highlight the modulatory role of approach and avoidance motivation in cognitive reappraisal, which is dysfunctional in depressed patients and could enlighten the CBT directed at modifying the motivation deficits in cognitive regulation of emotion.

Emotion suppression failures are associated with local increases in sleep-like activity

TLDR
The results indicate that local sleep-like activity may represent the cause of emotion suppression failures in humans, and may offer a functional explanation for previous observations linking lack of sleep, changes in frontal activity and emotional dysregulation.
...

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