Emotion felt by the listener and expressed by the music: literature review and theoretical perspectives

  title={Emotion felt by the listener and expressed by the music: literature review and theoretical perspectives},
  author={Emery Schubert},
  journal={Frontiers in Psychology},
In his seminal paper, Gabrielsson (2002) distinguishes between emotion felt by the listener, here: “internal locus of emotion” (IL), and the emotion the music is expressing, here: “external locus of emotion” (EL). This paper tabulates 16 comparisons of felt versus expressed emotions in music published in the decade 2003–2012 consisting of 19 studies/experiments and provides some theoretical perspectives. The key findings were that (1) IL rating was frequently rated statistically the same or… 

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