Emoticons convey emotions without cognition of faces: an fMRI study

  title={Emoticons convey emotions without cognition of faces: an fMRI study},
  author={Masahide Yuasa and Keiichi Saito and Naoki Mukawa},
  booktitle={CHI Extended Abstracts},
In this paper, we describe the brain activities that are associated with emoticons by using functional MRI (fMRI). In communication over a computer network, we use abstract faces such as computer graphics (CG) avatars and emoticons. These faces convey users' emotions and enrich their communications. In particular, when we see some abstract faces, we feel that they are more vivid and lively than photorealistic faces. However, the manner in which these faces influence the mental process is as yet… CONTINUE READING
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