Emil Theodor Kocher (25/8/1841–27/7/1917)—A Swiss (neuro-)surgeon and Nobel Prize winner

  title={Emil Theodor Kocher (25/8/1841–27/7/1917)—A Swiss (neuro-)surgeon and Nobel Prize winner},
  author={Oliver Gautschi and Gerhard C Hildebrandt},
  journal={British Journal of Neurosurgery},
  pages={234 - 236}
January 9, 2009 commemorates the 100-year anniversary of the Swiss surgeon Emil Theodor Kocher's first performance of the surgical removal of a pituitary adenoma by a trans-nasal approach. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1909 for his work on the physiology, pathology and surgery of the thyroid gland. He was the first Swiss citizen and the first surgeon to ever receive such an award. He was a pioneer and a world leader in the surgical revolution of the end of the nineteenth century. Over a… 

Emil Theodor Kocher: the first Swiss neurosurgeon

His particular neurosurgical interests were in cerebral and spinal trauma, operative treatment of epilepsy and the pathophysiology of elevated intracranial pressure, leading to the conclusion that Kocher must be designated as the first Swiss neurosurgeon.

Tribute to Theodor Kocher: Far Beyond an Anatomical Reference

The present account rescues the many important facets and contributions of the Swiss surgeon Theodor Kocher, and his relationship with several of them.

Von Bergmann, Kocher, and Krönlein—a triumvirate of pioneers with a common neurosurgical concept

It becomes evident that von Bergmann, Kocher and Krönlein provided a basis for a transnational neurosurgical school that was grounded in the physiological experiments and scientific evidence.

UniversitätsSpital Zürich: 80 years of neurosurgical patient care in Switzerland

An in-depth review of the history of neurosurgery as a specialty at UniversitätsSpital Zürich, with a special focus on the early decades, is performed.

Childhood Medulloblastoma Revisited

The purpose of this article is to review the recent basic science and clinical advances in the understanding of “medulloblastomas,” and their diagnostic imaging correlates and the implications of those on current neuroimaging practice.

Traumatic brain injury: A common neurosurgical entity

Decompressivecraniectomy is a surgical operation to decrease intracranial pressure, has been used with increasing frequency, but Neurological surgeons however do not know whether the operation achieves its goal of improving patient outcomes.

An Innovative Technique of Decompressive Craniectomy for Acute Ischemic Stroke

Currently, malignant hemispheric infarction is one of the main indications for DH and there is an important brain shift of the midline structures, or both when the intracranial hypertension does not respond to conservative therapies.

Surgeons and Their Tools: A History of Surgical Instruments and Their Innovators. Part V: Pass Me the Hemostat/Clamp

This is the last of five manuscripts reviewing the historical origins of some of the more commonly used surgical instruments and takes “time out” to remind current surgeons about the surgical



I. Short Story of Theodor Kocher's Life and Relationship to the International Society of Surgery

Kocher's contribution had a great impact on the developing surgery, in particular in the United States, and a short curriculum outlines the personality of this outstanding surgeon.

Ein Fall von Hypophysis-Tumor mit operativer Heilung

  • T. Kocher
  • Medicine
    Deutsche Zeitschrift für Chirurgie
  • 2008

Erfolgreiche Operation eines Hypophysentumors auf nasalem Wege

  • Wien Klin Wochenschr
  • 1907