Emil Theodor Kocher (1841–1917)

  title={Emil Theodor Kocher (1841–1917)},
  author={Cheryl Choong and Andrew H. Kaye},
  journal={Journal of Clinical Neuroscience},

Emil Theodor Kocher

Emil Theodor Kocher was perhaps one of the earliest “high-volume” endocrine surgeons, and the first surgeon who demonstrated that with increasing experience, patient outcomes are optimized.

Towards endocrinology: Theodor Kocher's 1883 account of the unexpected effects of total ablation of the thyroid

  • U. Tröhler
  • Medicine
    Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
  • 2011
From the 1830s onwards, surgeons and physiologists in many countries removed the thyroid gland from various species of animal to see what happened. The results were ambiguous: since neither

The discovery of thyroid replacement therapy. Part 3: A complete transformation

  • Stefan Slater
  • Medicine
    Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
  • 2011
At a meeting of the Clinical Society of London in November 1883, Felix Semon drew attention to Kocher’s presentation at the German Surgical Society the previous April, and proposed that myxoedema,


I listed selected eponyms in dermatology literature linked to Switzerland, finding that eponyms originated from a given country provide just an inclusive and not a conclusive idea about its overall scientific contributions.

Expanding the borders: the evolution of neurosurgical approaches.

The authors provide a broad overview of this interesting topic from the first attempts of trephination by ancient cultures to the work of the pioneers of neurosurgery and the introduction of microsurgery.

The origins and current applications of classic eponymous terms for pelvic and acetabular fractures: A historic review

The historical background of 5 eponymous terms in pelvic and acetabular injury treatment are presented and the current clinical implication is given and discussed afterwards.

Vascular clips versus ligatures in thyroid surgery—results of a multicenter randomized controlled trial (CLIVIT Trial)

Vascular clips did not reduce the resection time, but a 2.9 % rate of permanent RLN paralysis is of concern, and not using a surgical drain was not associated with a higher rate of complications.

Greenstick fracture-hinge decompressive craniotomy in infants: illustrative case and literature review of techniques for decompressive craniotomy without bone removal

A DC procedure performed in children, especially infants, includes a significantly high risk of various complications; thus, a hinge-craniotomy technique is worthwhile for consideration to avoid such complications.


The treatment consists of surgical therapy evacuating the space-occupying intracranial lesion and conservative intensive medical care, which entails a reduction of the cerebral perfusion pressure and the cerebral blood flow.



Theodor Billroth 1829 — 1894

The first successful resection of the stomach by Billroth in 1881 was an expression of the change of paradigm that took place and was considered the most audacious and formidable undertaking in surgery, perhaps comparable to the first heart transplant 80 years later.

A surgeon for the brain

In the fall of 1901, Harvey Cushing returned to Baltimore and joined the faculty of William Halsted's Department of Surgery at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and Medical School, and needed to learn some clinical neurology, and he was eager to do it.


The relationship of raised ICP to outcome is reviewed and its significance as part of the development of the primary injury and as a superimposed secondary insult is reviewed.