Emerging Viral Zoonoses from Wildlife Associated with Animal-Based Food Systems: Risks and Opportunities

  title={Emerging Viral Zoonoses from Wildlife Associated with Animal-Based Food Systems: Risks and Opportunities},
  author={Kris A. Murray and Toph Allen and Elizabeth H. Loh and Catherine Machalaba and Peter Daszak},
  journal={Food Safety Risks from Wildlife},
  pages={31 - 57}
Zoonotic viruses of wildlife origin have caused the majority of recent emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) that have had significant impacts on human health or economies. Animal consumption-based food systems, ranging from the harvest of free-ranging wild species (hereafter, wild harvest systems) to the in situ stocking of domestic or farmed wild animals (hereafter, animal production systems), have been implicated in the emergence of many of these viruses, including HIV, Ebola, SARS, and highly… 

Implications of Zoonoses From Hunting and Use of Wildlife in North American Arctic and Boreal Biomes: Pandemic Potential, Monitoring, and Mitigation

The COVID-19 pandemic has re-focused attention on mechanisms that lead to zoonotic disease spillover and spread. Commercial wildlife trade, and associated markets, are recognized mechanisms for

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There is a convincing and effective chance for mutual gains for the conservation of wildlife and public health by collective and collaborative attempts to tackle emerging zoonotic viruses.

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Pandemics have occurred with increasing frequency over the past century as global travel enables rapid cross-continental transmission of viral zoonoses such as coronaviruses and influenzas. Yet the

Human‐Aided Movement of Viral Disease and the Archaeology of Avian Osteopetrosis

  • B. Fothergill
  • Medicine
    International journal of osteoarchaeology
  • 2017
The nature of these pathogens is discussed, criteria for differential diagnosis is outlined, and a fresh perspective on the human‐aided movement of animal disease in the past is offered through investigation of the incidence and geographic distribution of avian osteopetrosis lesions from the first century BC to the post‐medieval period.

Cryptosporidiosis Risk in New Zealand Children Under 5 Years Old is Greatest in Areas with High Dairy Cattle Densities

The association between dairy cattle density and cryptosporidiosis risk in children <5 years old in New Zealand from 1997 to 2008 is examined, a period of rapid intensification of the dairy industry.

Immunoinformatics Approach to Design Multi-Epitope-Based Vaccine against Machupo Virus Taking Viral Nucleocapsid as a Potential Candidate

A reverse-vaccinology approach to design a vaccine with B and T-cell epitopes of the viral nucleocapsid protein of the Machupo virus demonstrated a long-lasting antibody response even after the excretion of the antigen from the body in the first 5 days of injection, elucidating that the vaccine would be effective and provide enduring protection.



Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human health.

These phenomena have two major biological implications: many wildlife species are reservoirs of pathogens that threaten domestic animal and human health; second, wildlife EIDs pose a substantial threat to the conservation of global biodiversity.

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Evidence is provided suggesting that intensive food animal production systems and their associated value chains dominate in developed countries and are increasingly important in developing countries may increase animal and public health risks unless there is recognition of the specific biosecurity and biocontainment challenges of the industrial model.

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Agricultural intensification, priming for persistence and the emergence of Nipah virus: a lethal bat-borne zoonosis

Empirical evidence is provided for a causative mechanism previously proposed as a precursor to widespread infection with H5N1 avian influenza and other emerging pathogens that priming for persistence drove the emergence of a novel zoonotic pathogen.

Ecology of zoonoses: natural and unnatural histories

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It is shown that SARS-CoV succeeded in spillover from a wildlife reservoir (probably bats) to human population via an intermediate host(s) and that rapid virus evolution played a key role in the adaptation of Sars-CoVs in at least two nonreservoir species within a short period.

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AIDS as a zoonosis: scientific and public health implications.

Evidence of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection has been reported for 26 different species of African nonhuman primates and the implications of human infection by a diverse set of SIVs and of exposure to a plethora of additional human immunodewirable viruses are discussed.

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Increasing population sizes and international connectivity by air since the first detection of EVD in 1976 suggest that the dynamics of human-to-human secondary transmission in contemporary outbreaks will be very different to those of the past.