Emerging Vectors in the Culex pipiens Complex

  title={Emerging Vectors in the Culex pipiens Complex},
  author={Dina M. Fonseca and Nusha Keyghobadi and Colin A. Malcolm and Ceylan Mehmet and Francis Schaffner and Motoyoshi Mogi and Robert C. Fleischer and Richard C. Wilkerson},
  pages={1535 - 1538}
In the Old World, some mosquitoes in the Culex pipiens complex are excellent enzootic vectors of West Nile virus, circulating the virus among birds, whereas others bite mainly humans and other mammals. Here we show that, in northern Europe, such forms differing in behavior and physiology have unique microsatellite fingerprints with no evidence of gene flow between them, as would be expected from distinct species. In the United States, however, hybrids between these forms are ubiquitous. Such… 

The Contrasting Bionomics of Culex Mosquitoes in Western North America

  • W. Reisen
  • Biology
    Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
  • 2012
The biology of three key vector species in western North America, Culex tarsalis, C. pipiens complex and Cx.

Potential transmission of West Nile virus in the British Isles: an ecological review of candidate mosquito bridge vectors

Concern over the possibility of West Nile virus invading the British Isles is given over the periodic reappearance of WNV in parts of continental Europe.

The Contribution of Culex pipiens Complex Mosquitoes to Transmission and Persistence of West Nile Virus in North America

  • T. Andreadis
  • Biology
    Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
  • 2012
Abstract Mosquitoes within the Culex pipiens complex have been implicated as major vectors of West Nile virus (WNV) in North America due to their seasonal abundance, vector competence and high field

The role of Culex pipiens mosquitoes in transmission of West Nile virus in Europe

The results presented in this thesis show that the Cx.

First report on human-biting Culex pipiens in Sweden

Culex mosquitoes are vectors of several bird-hosted arboviruses that cause outbreaks in Europe, such as Sindbis virus and West Nile virus. Recently, the human-biting form of Culex pipiens, Cx.

The Role of Culex pipiens L. (Diptera: Culicidae) in Virus Transmission in Europe

A comprehensive overview of developments in the understanding of the ecology, behaviour and genetics of Cx.

West Nile virus and its vectors.

  • A. Ciota
  • Medicine
    Current opinion in insect science
  • 2017

The Arrival of the Northern House Mosquito Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) on Newfoundland's Avalon Peninsula

Abstract Culex pipiens L., the northern house mosquito, is the primary vector of West Nile virus to humans along the east coast of North America and thus the focus of much study. This species is an

Culicids on the move: a genetic characterization of two mosquito disease vector species in eastern insular Newfoundland

Results of this study indicate a level of genetic diversity within the recently discovered Newfoundland population comparable to populations in other regions and a general lack of structure between Canadian populations and those in Europe.



Microsatellite loci from the northern house mosquito ( Culex pipiens ), a principal vector of West Nile virus in North America

Microsatellites were isolated and characterized in the northern house mosquito, Culex pipiens, a widespread pest species and important vector of diseases such as West Nile virus, and will be useful for studies of population structure and intraspecific variation in epidemiological characteristics.

Vector Competence of North American Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) for West Nile Virus

The potential for several North American mosquito species to transmit the newly introduced West Nile (WN) virus is evaluated, and laboratory vector competence, host-feeding preferences, relative abundance, and season of activity determine the role that these species could play in transmitting WN virus.

Experimental Vertical Transmission of West Nile Virus by Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae)

Investigating vertical transmission as a means of viral survival during interepizootics found female Cx.

West Nile virus and the threat to the UK.

Clinicians are advised to consider WNV as a differential diagnosis, especially in patients over 50 years old with a clinical picture of viral encephalitis or aseptic meningitis presenting in the summer months, because of insufficient information on the ecology of the virus, and on mosquito populations, to accurately determine this risk.

West Nile virus in overwintering Culex mosquitoes, New York City, 2000.

After the 1999 West Nile (WN) encephalitis outbreak in New York, 2,300 overwintering adult mosquitoes were tested for WN virus by cell culture and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. WN

West Nile virus infection in mosquitoes, birds, horses, and humans, Staten Island, New York, 2000.

West Nile (WN) virus transmission in the United States during 2000 was most intense on Staten Island, New York, where 10 neurologic illnesses among humans and 2 among horses occurred. WN virus was

European experience with the West Nile virus ecology and epidemiology: could it be relevant for the New World?

A review ofWest Nile virus (WNV) and the epidemiology of West Nile fever (WNF) in Europe is presented and it is very probable that WNV strains are transported between sub-Saharan Africa and Europe by migratory birds.

West Nile Virus: Uganda, 1937, to New York City, 1999

  • C. Hayes
  • Medicine
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 2001
Observations on the biology of West Nile virus made over about 60 years prior to the recent epidemics are compared to observations made in association with these urban epidemics, suggesting a change in the virulence of the virus toward this host.

Californian hybrid zone between Culex pipiens pipiens and Cx. p. quinquefasciatus revisited (Diptera:Culicidae).

Phallosome morphology (DV/D ratio) and allozyme variation were used to reexamine the transition from Culex pipiens pipiens L. to Cx. p. quinquefasciatus Say, detected in California from the northern

Commensalism, adaptation and gene flow: mosquitoes of the Culex pipiens complex in different habitats.

It was found that significant differences in biological traits exist between mosquitoes from different habitats, characteristics of the commensal type are not universal in mosquitoes from underground man-made habitats, and allozyme markers do not clearly differentiate ecotypes.