Emergence of the HIV type 1 epidemic in the twentieth century: comparing hypotheses to evidence.

@article{Gisselquist2003EmergenceOT,
  title={Emergence of the HIV type 1 epidemic in the twentieth century: comparing hypotheses to evidence.},
  author={David P Gisselquist},
  journal={AIDS research and human retroviruses},
  year={2003},
  volume={19 12},
  pages={1071-8}
}
The existence of multiple groups of HIV-1 and HIV-2 suggests that zoonotic transmissions of SIV have occurred at a low rate for centuries. Hence, an increase in the rate of human-to-human transmission may be necessary and sufficient to explain the emergence of HIV as an epidemic in the twentieth century. Three common hypotheses to explain accelerated transmission are (1) social changes accelerated sexual transmission, (2) health care changes accelerated parenteral transmission, and (3) serial… CONTINUE READING

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