Emergence of responsible sanctions without second order free riders, antisocial punishment or spite

@inproceedings{Hilbe2012EmergenceOR,
  title={Emergence of responsible sanctions without second order free riders, antisocial punishment or spite},
  author={Christian Hilbe and Arne Traulsen},
  booktitle={Scientific reports},
  year={2012}
}
While empirical evidence highlights the importance of punishment for cooperation in collective action, it remains disputed how responsible sanctions targeted predominantly at uncooperative subjects can evolve. Punishment is costly; in order to spread it typically requires local interactions, voluntary participation, or rewards. Moreover, theory and experiments indicate that some subjects abuse sanctioning opportunities by engaging in antisocial punishment (which harms cooperators), spiteful… CONTINUE READING